Francis Bacon was born into a prominent wealthy family in London, England, on January 2, 1561. Francis Bacon discovered and popularized the scientific method, whereby the laws of science are discovered by gathering and analyzing data from experiments and observations, rather than by using logic-based arguments. To this day we still use this popular scientific method as an every day science idea.
Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Isaac Newton was most famously known for his work on gravity and motion, though he's done much more than that. He is the founder of calculus, and Newtonian Mechanics. Newton was a very religious man, but many of his breakthroughs and theories countered religious views. The Catholic Church did not support him very much.
Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. Circa 1508, Copernicus developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system. In 1514 he published his findings in the Commentariolus, in which he would soon write another book where it would be banned by the Roman Catholic Church.
Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa in 1564. He is most famously known for creating the telescope, although he has also done many more things! He is the man who discovered the world revolves around the sun, as well as the sun spinning on its own. He made many very astronomical discoveries such as those. His facts have been yet to be proven wrong, but are being added on.
Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and mathematician who lived from December the 27th 1571 to November the 15th 1630. Kepler played a key role in the scientific revolution that occurred in the 17th century, contributing a number of scientific breakthroughs including his famous laws of planetary motion. Kepler’s work on planetary motion helped Isaac Newton later devise his own theory of universal gravitation!
William Harvey was born in 1578, in Folkestone, Kent. Harvey was most known for proving that blood circulated throughout the body and was pumped from the heart. The Catholic Church fully supported his ideas. Harvey was capable of proving this by multiple experiments and test trials.
Andreas Vesalius was born on December 31, 1514, in Brussels Belgium. Vesalius was a physician, anatomist, and the author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De Humani Corporis Fabrica. Vesalius is referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy. There was no major impact from the church towards him.
Robert Boyle was born into an aristocratic family on January 25, 1627 in Lismore Castle, in the small town of Lismore, Ireland. As an young adult, he became increasingly interested in carrying out scientific experiments and studying scientific literature. Like many other scientists of his time, Robert Boyle tried his hand at alchemy. He was unsuccessful in his attempts to discover the Philosophers’ Stone, which he described as ‘chemistry.’