The Phases of the Moon!

Learn with me about the different moon phases

Why does the moon seem to change its shape every night?

The appearance that the moon is changing shape is actually just an illusion.

The 'shape' of the moon depends on where the moons is in reference to the Sun & Earth.

The light is reflected from the Earth and hits the moon, which lets us see it. All the while, the moon is orbiting the earth, and the earth is orbiting the sun. This is why different amounts of light hit the moon each day.

Why are all of the phases illusions?

Have you ever looked at the moon on the horizon and noticed that it seems to be "huge" compared to when it is higher in the sky? You might think this is because of the refraction, or bending light, of our atmosphere and the sky. It's actually caused by an optical illusion. The moon is the same size the whole time, it's our eyes that are playing a trick! This is called the moon illusion or Ponzo illusion

Moon project.

Things You'll Need

  • Shoe box

  • Black spray paint

  • Scissors

  • Glow-in-the-dark dots or stars

  • Self-hardening clay

  • Fishing wire

  • Duct tape

  • Hot glue gun

  • Blue and green paint


    • 1

      Paint a shoe box inside and out with black spray paint. Let this dry overnight.

    • 2

      Poke holes in the box to represent stars. Make sure there is an ample source of light to shine through the box and highlight the stars. Alternatively, use glow-in-the-dark dots or tiny stars instead of making holes.

    • 3

      Roll the self-hardening clay into a circle. The circle will be approximately 2 inches in diameter. Cut and carve holes and crevices around the whole circle.

    • 4

      Glue a length of fishing wire, approximately 1 inch long, to the top of the clay ball with a hot glue gun. Use duct tape to attach the other end of the fishing wire to the top of the box. Paint the duct tape black to make it blend with the rest of the scene.

    • 5

      Roll an extra ball of clay to approximately 1/2 inch in diameter and paint it blue and green to represent Earth. Allow it to dry, then position it in the corner of the box, so the moon appears to be looking down on the Earth. Use the hot glue gun to hold it in place.

    • 6

      Glue small astronaut figures, rocket ships and the American flag to the moon with the hot glue gun. These items are found in craft stores or cake decorating supply shops.

Read more :

Enjoy and embrace these "phases of the moon quotes."

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~Thanks for listening~

Here's a video for learning more about the "phases of the moon!"

Flocabulary - Moon Phases