Progressive Era Vocabulary
American History II Honors
make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.
unofficial city organization designed to keep a particular group in power.
proceeding step by step.
Writers who exposed corruption in politics and business in the early 20th century.
The act of forbidding something; by law.
Disenfranchisement: Describes a person or group who have been stripped from their power
De facto segregation:
Racial segregation, especially in public schools
De Jure Segregation
separation enforced by law
the acquisition (gain) of money, gain, or advantage by dishonest, unfair, or illegal means.
a new plan or process to achieve something or solve a problem
an event in which the people of a county, state, etc., vote for or against a law that deals with a specific issue
bring (a fact, event, or situation) back into one's mind,
a person who remains aloof or independent, especially from party politics.
was a black civil rights organization founded in 1905 by a group led by W. E. B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter
tax of a fixed amount per person levied on adults and often linked to the right to vote.
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is a civil rights organization founded in 1909 to fight prejudice, lynching, and Jim Crow segregation, and to work for the betterment of "people of color."
is a federal law established in 1883 that decided that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
Vocabulary (Including Amendments)
A federal law passed in 1890 that committed the American government to opposing monopolies.
Permits congress to levy an Income tax
Establishes the direct election of U.S Senators by popular vote.
Prohibited the manufacturing or selling of alcohol
Prohibits the denial of right to vote based on sex.
Changes the date on which the terms of the President and Vice President (January 20) and Senators and Representatives (January 3) end and begin.
was the movement of 6 million blacks out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.
Supreme Court case upheld the constitutionality of segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine
US v. EC Knight Company (1895): known as the "Sugar Trust Case," was a United States Supreme Court case that limited the government's power to control monopolies
American Tobacco v. US (1911):
restraint of trade and an attempt to monopolize the business of tobacco in interstate commerce
Clayton Anti-Trust Act:
supplement existing laws against unlawful restraints and monopolies, and for other purposes.