CRJU245 - Security in 21st Century
Week 7 Lecture
Relationship Between Private Security and Law Enforcement
The interaction between public and law enforcement and modern delivery of public safety from privatized interest continue unstopped. Everywhere across the rich country, public law enforcement engage the private sector, government employ private security sectors for security of facilities and asset protection. Success in community policing relies on success in partnership building. Actively seeking out new opportunities for collaboration opens the door for innovation in problem-solving. In particular, partnerships between private security and law enforcement are an area ripe for advancing community policing and addressing mutual goals.
Cutting-edge technology, information sharing, and personnel resources are just a few of the benefits that private security brings to these partnerships. With more than two million employees, this rapidly growing industry is taking on increasing responsibilities in the field of public safety. Unfortunately, misperception of private security can sometimes be a factor in hindering strong partnerships with law enforcement.
The private security field, in fact, is much more diverse than what many may imagine. Annually, it spends more than one-hundred billion on security products and services. In contrast, federal, state, and local law enforcement spend less than half that amount. Additionally, many private professional certifications and advanced degrees. Private security and public law enforcement share many of the same goals: preventing crime and disorder, identifying criminals, and ensuring the security of people and property. As there are two private security practitioners for every one sworn law enforcement officer, effective partnerships can act as a much needed force multiplier.
The Difference Between Public Law Enforcement and Private Security
The public police are a government service provided at local, county, state, or federal levels. Public police follow strict requirements, training, and certification. Politics, government establishments, and laws also control them. Their main concern is the welfare and safety of the public.
Private security is a service provided by private companies. Quality private security companies, like Inter State Security, will have strict and rigorous training and certification standards. However, they have fewer restraints upon them from politics and the government. Many private security companies will not have the same powers that the police do or will prefer to offer unarmed services. Companies, people, or organizations to protect their private property and/or personnel hire private security companies.
Public policing faces a number of disadvantages when compared to private security. Police work off of a salary they have less room to negotiate and they don’t get monetary rewards for exceptional job performance. Whereas, an employee of a private security company gets paid according to their performance – if they are good at what they do they can ask for a higher fee or they can negotiate their fees with the client. Public police are also often hindered by the restriction placed upon them by the law and politics. Private security does not have to adhere to the same sort of restrictions that public police do, they are able to focus on their jobs and perform their duties with more efficiency and effectiveness. Due to budget restraints, the police are unable to have access to the newest technologies in security. However, because private security companies are for-profit organizations, they are able to invest their earnings in the newest and best quality security technologies and technical equipment such as CCTV cameras and access control systems.
Transportation are very important when discussing and relating crime control and the administration of justice in the 21st century with private security and public law enforcement. Transportation has major problems with threat and hazards in the security spectrum. Grounds transportation is mostly road and railway transportation but includes pedestrian ad animal carriers, which tend to be more important in developing countries. In insecure or underdeveloped areas, road transportation is often the only means of transportation, after the collapse of the infrastructure required for aviation and railway alternatives. There are several main categories of threats and hazards to ground transport which are accidents and failures, thieves, robbers, hijackers, and terrorist and insurgents.
Transportation Hazards and Threats
Today there are global examples of terrorist acts inflicted on transportation and associated infrastructure in four continents and over 40 countries worldwide. Major world cities, including New York, Tokyo, Paris, Bombay, and Madrid, have been victims of physically inflicted terrorism. Certainly 9/11 and the loss of 2948 lives caused by the use of terrorist directed commercial aircraft gave more attention to the problem. All transport modes are at risk. It appears in the 21st century that public transit has become a new operational theater for terrorism, especially involving rail and bus intermodal stations.
Since September 11, 2001, the nation’s seaports have also been increasingly viewed as potential targets for terrorist attacks. Security experts are very concerned that the ports can be an entry point for the smuggling of weapons and other dangerous materials into the United States, and cargo and cruise ships could present potentially desirable terrorist targets as well. Clearly the entire transportation system is vulnerable to terrorism.
References and Supplemental Resources
Bragdon, C. (2011). Transportation Security. Butterworth-Heinemann
Nemeth, C. P. (2012). Private Security and the Law (4th Ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann
Curtis, G. E. & McBride, R.B. (2005). Proactive Security Administration. Prentice Hall