Changing Role of Women
Women shouldn't have the double burden of Industrial life
Before the Industrial Revolution
Before the Industrial Revolution, women usually worked with mean on farms or at home. They generally helped managed dairies, gardens, orchards, and farm animals. At the same time, they were responsible for raising children and running the household.
Result of Industrial Revolution
As Urbanization grew during the industrial revolution, more women moved into cities with their families. It was hard to find work, and women eventually settled for factories. They were favored over men to work in the factories because they were paid cheaper and were more submissive to work because they needed their wages to support children at home.
Women were paid half of what men were. Their money went to taking care of their families at home.
Men often made 10-15 dollars while women were paid 5.
The working conditions were very dangerous. women's long skirts and hair made them more likely to be caught in the machinery and crippled. They also were more susceptible to lung diseases, which also plagued textile workers who breathed the stuffy, dusty air in mills. And, for example, lace workers wore wooden rods along their backs to support them during long hours they bent over their work, resulting in deformed ribs and chests.
Double-Burden At Home
Along with working long hours, women were also responsible for taking care of the house when they had time. After work, they would return to their tenements (which usually consisted of one damp room with a single bed) and care for the home. They were in charge of feeding and clothing their families, cleaning, and cope with such problems such as sickness and injury.
The Creation of Women's Rights
To solve this problem, some individual women and women's groups protested restrictions on women. They sought a broad range of rights. The groups became powerful and helped back up other groups that were fighting for causes they also believed in such as the temperance movement, the act to limit alcohol. Reformers faced many obstacles such as the fact that women couldn't vote, were barred from schools, had little protection under the law, and their husbands and fathers owned most of their property. But, eventually, they started to break down barriers, starting with women's suffrage, which is the right for women to vote.