Trench Warfare

Shania Wendland

The War

  • Industrial expansion, caused economic importance
  • Led to conflicts and Jealousy
  • Belief that the war would end quickly
  • Starting War Plan included the Schlieffen Plan- Started out good with advancement to Belgium, but then went downhill.
  • New uses in the war include: use of gas and heavy artillery(Caused more death)

Trenches have Begun

German invasion of France failed to take Paris or destroy French & British resistance on the river Marne.


  • resulted in a stalemate
  • trenches stretched across Western Front

Trench lines created in late November 1914

  • Extended nearly 400 miles
  • Both dug nearly 62,500 miles of trenches by the end of 1914


The trenches posed to be a very unsanitary place for living. Disease and lice had struck many men down over fighting causes.


Use of Trenches by Each Side

Allies


  • Front line Trench
  • Support Trench
  • Reserve Trench
  • Communication Trench

Created a stable way of fighting with many trenches.



Central


  • Elaborate sophisticated trenches
  • tunnels
  • good source of communication
  • electricity was available


Common Times of Attack

Most attacks happened right before dawn or right after dawn.

  • The morning's posed a threat to all people as they were strictly visible. Poison gases were used in the mornings.
  • Daytime posed a safe time for the front line men

Evenings consisted of raids and eavesdropping on enemy plans.

Technology of World War I

Trench Warfare

  • Over 200,000 soldier deaths
  • Disease and Infection
  • Unbearable conditions

Poison Gas

  • Chemical Warfare
  • most feared
  • long-drawn suffering
  • Tear gas grenades used by French
  • Chlorine began to be used Germany
  • Phosgene and Mustard Gas created delayed effects and violent blisters

Tanks

  • Produced by British in 1916
  • end of WWI British and French Troops gained a victory over Germany

Guns, Rifles, Grenades

  • Machine Guns
  • created a quick shot and fast reloading

Air Warfare

  • Sky became a separate battlefield
  • many airplanes had been created for the purpose of dropping bombs and releasing gas into the trenches
Advancements of Arms, ammunition, and telecommunications created a different outlook on this war. The outcome became railway development in the future.