Social-Emotional Development

By: Makaylia Loury

TEMPERAMENT

  • Temperament is the intensity and quality of emotional reaction
  • Passivity is how an infant reacts to its environment
- Passive infant doesn't interact while an active infant does
  • Irritability is feeling distressed

- Infant cries easily and has difficulty getting comfortable

  • Activity pattern are levels of movement
- infants makes a lot of movement or very little movement
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CHANGES OVER TIME

  • A caregivers actions affect the child's emotional changes
  • Trust develops during this stage


BIRTH TO THREE MONTHS

  • -Excitement: smiling, looking alert, and wiggling
  • Distress: crying without tears


THREE MONTHS TO SIX MONTHS

  • Responds to people
  • Happy sounds when played with, held, or fed
  • Smile at other babies
  • Cry with tears
  • Uses different cries for different things


SIX TO TWELVE MONTHS

  • expresses happiness, joy, and surprise
  • Make sounds when spoken to
  • Develop fear and anger
  • Cry with strangers or when caregiver leaves them
  • Separation anxiety begins to show
  • Push strangers away


TWELVE TO TWENTY-FOUR MONTHS

  • Seperation anxiety is still present
  • Become upset by something they think might happen
  • Cling to parents when they're leaving soon ( anxiety )
  • Take interest in exploring
  • They show fear but also curiosity
  • They take interest in other children, but do not interact
  • Become a little independent but not totally

- show frustration and anger when they can not do things themselves

- become happy and proud when they can do things alone

  • The 'No' stage:

- shows what they do and do not want to do

- see what will happen

- be firm but kind, make them understand the rules

- remind the child that their needs and want are important

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