Attributes & Barriers

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Personal Attributes- Specific Skills

Specific skills: These are things that are specific to the role you are taking, for example a Website developer: these would require the specific skills such as a good knowledge of the coding languages HTML & CSS these are the main coding languages most websites will be written in. Another example would be an IT maintenance technician would require a good knowledge and understanding of how to locate and address an error with the additional ability of how to repair or perform the required maintenance.

Personal Attributes- General Attributes

Things that are relevant in most jobs and roles and are generally a bonus in those that they don't apply to, such as organisational ability or planning skills, this is to be able to give employers the knowledge that you are the most reliable candidate for hiring. planning allows the to know you can plan for any short comings that may arise in the line of work, the good things they can expect form organisational skills allow them that you may be able to manage people and resources or even to organise yourself.
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Personal Attributes- Attitude

When trying to get a job it is of paramount importance that your attitude is show as positively as possible, be sure you come across as attentive and determined, this can show potential employers that you are serious and have the drive to complete any tasks you are given no matter how tough or intimidating the task may be. Another set of attitudes you would do well to show are confidence, dependability and a motivational drive to display you can do what is required, with a substantial amount of trust being able to be placed on you and motivate yourself or others even doing so confidently.
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Principles of Effective Communication

Effective Communication- General Conversation Skills

There are many way you can enhance your communication to get points and Ideas across clearly and understandably, for example: changing your voice and phrasing of specific terminology to the audiences potential knowledge on the subject or even the age of the audience(basic language for young people or people who are inexperienced in the field).

Technology can also be used to help engage the audience by possibly adding visual aids to the point being made or even engaging the audience directly by making them interact by means of a light game or even questions, the audience can also be engaged by means of a question and answering session afterwards.

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Effective Communication- Interpersonal Skills

For effective communication to take place the speaker needs to use a variety of interpersonal skills these would be things such as body language and emotive language(Positive and Negative) negative body language can be seen by slouching and just generally being visibly lacking energy, positive body language can be seen as anybody who is showing an immense amount of energy physically and is standing upright/ looks attentive. You can use positive and negative language to help emphasise a point such as the word squelch or foist both are words that negatively describe something but they themselves sound negative in general to the audience where as certain people recoil physically in reaction to the word foist, positive language is usually more of a cheerful word and is more likely to sound comporting to the person hearing it, the word beautiful for instance is overtly positive and feels it when you hear it as well. Someone addressing an audience should take this into consideration as it helps to convey feeling and emotion to what is being spoken.
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Effective Communication- Written Communication

In any place of work there are many different reasons for it but written communication will almost definitely occur for instance you may need to create reports or even emailing colleagues even note taking. Writing to colleagues is a more formal way to use written communication but it is completely contextual in basically most communications between colleagues that are work related will be completely formal making sure to use "proper" language, punctuation and grammar, making sure to proofread the letter, email or fax to ensure it is all correct. Casual conversations with colleagues can be more or less informal: slang (shortened/local terms), emoticons (Text based faces) and can even be lacking on punctuation/grammar however you will also have to maintain a degree of professionalism whilst at work. It's all a matter of using formal or informal speech where it is relevant, as an example using slang is not a acceptable way to converse with your boss this would be formal language or a much more formal style of casual speech.
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Obstructions to Effective Communications

Occurrences of Which Hinder Communications

There are many things that can hinder and even block communications all things that are able to do so can be always present and some of them are present in every circumstance these things can be things including

  • background noise

  • distractions

  • physical barriers

  • lack of concentration



location and mental/ vocal impairments are also factors to take into consideration, as some environments can make conversation or speech seem to have a different effect or trigger it to be difficult to speak to a person such as train stations and make certain topics more difficult to talk about such as public areas. Mental or vocal impairments can make it difficult to maintain conversation with a person as words may be missed or misinterpreted by either one, even language barriers could potentially be classified with this as an example, to speak to a French person as a Russian person you would need to either know French/Russian or get help from an interpreter and this makes communicating with them both take longer (as you need to acquire one of the prerequisites) or even delay it by however long either takes.

Background noise can really be as much of a hindrance as distractions or could even be a distraction itself and can be as destructive to communications as a lack of concentration, in all three circumstances communications can be hindered by on person missing a word or even a whole sentence, all three have the exact same affect to communications as each other.

Distance can also be a obstruction as you have to organise speaking with each other prior and this can also make conversing feel forced and uneasy, time in both areas also needs to be taken into account as one person could have just woken up or would usually be going to bed in either case this would mean one member is tired and may miss certain points or even lack concentration for key points which makes the conversation slow due to potentially having to backtrack.

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