Prairie Infographic

By: Arvind and Varun

Climate

Average Temperature During The Summer: 70° F

Average Temperature During The Winter: 20° F

Annual Precipitation: 10-30 inches

Examples and Regions

Regions Where Prairies Are Located: 55° N to 30° S area, Great Plains, North Central Plains, West Canada, Manitoba

Limiting Factors

Overcrowding: If coyote population goes up, the overhunting of smaller mammals, which will eventually lead to their starvation, which means the prey population will go up.


Diseases: Since animals populations in prairies are packed close together disease can spread quickly.


Natural Disasters: Tornadoes and other disasters could upset the balance of the food chain which could upset the natural balance of the ecosystem.


Human interaction: Human activity is what limits the expansion of the biome and can limit the parameters of the area animals can occupy.

General Range of NPP

Range: 2000-3000 (Kilocalories / square meter / year)

Explanation: The organisms in the prairie biome biome annually accumulate 3000 kilocalories per square meter

Soil Qualities

  • Porous
  • Has a thin layer of decayed matter
  • Fertile
  • Rapidly drains water
  • Shallow
  • Mostly supports a variety of grasses

Plant Qualities

  • They have deep stems to prevent being blown away
  • Can grow up up to 5-6 feet tall
  • Thin narrow leaves
  • Brightly colored leaves to attract pollinators
  • Carry toxins to ward of predators
  • Grow in bunches they can stand strong winds
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Animal Qualities

  • They have broad, flat topped teeth to eat tough grass
  • They have front legs and paws to burrow into the ground.
  • They have brownish skin color to blend into surroundings.
  • Are nocturnal to avoid predators.
  • Sharp claws and teeth allow them to dig though dirt easily.
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Current Issues

  • Global Warming could cause prairies to become deserts
  • Urban expansion reduces the are of parries
  • Lack of plant diversity can increase risk for disease
  • GMOS have expanded into and taken over prairies
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Biome Importance

  • They provide habitats for many animals and plants.
  • Grow healthy crops to feed animals.
  • Provide thousands of products to feed animals.
  • The plants improve water quality.
  • Produce some of richest soil in the world

Bibliography

"Temperate Grassland (Prairie)." Scoop.it. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. <http://www.scoop.it/t/temperate-grassland-by-hunter4>.


Why Are Prairies Important?" Why Are Prairies Important? | 4-H Youth Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. <http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/content/why-are-prairies-important>.


"Prairie:Ecosystems:Prairie Plants:Adaptations." Prairie:Ecosystems:Prairie Plants:Adaptations. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. <http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/prairie/htmls/eco_adapt.html>.


"Prairie:Ecosystems:Animals:Adaptations." Prairie:Ecosystems:Animals:Adaptations. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. <http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/prairie/htmls/eco_an_adapt.html>.


Society, National Geographic. "Grasslands Threats, Wetlands Threats - National Geographic." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016. <http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/grassland-threats/>.