Enduring Understandings

Human migration, Cultural mosaics, and Cooperation/Conflict

By Hannah Peterson

unit 2 understandings

  • human migration
  • culture mosaics
  • balancing cooperation and conflict




movement from one part of something to another.

Like many animals, it is the instinct of people to move around, explore, and develop as a species. Human migration is the permanent change in residence of a person or a group of individuals. This excludes nomad-ism, commuting, and tourism, which are all temporary in nature. Humans migrate for many reasons, such as occupations, climate, refuge, and better living opportunity. As a matter of fact there are 4 specified reasons that people may migrate from place to place.

Firstly is Environmental reasons. Individuals may move to a region due to the climate, environmental cleanliness, accessibility to resources, or natural beauty. For example, if an individual enjoys to ski during winter, but boat during the summer, they may move somewhere in New England, due to the climate, accessibility to mountains and oceans or lakes, and the natural beauty of the whole area.

Second is political reasons. Many groups or people migrate to different areas of the world seeking refuge, and fleeing corruptness, such as war or dictatorship, in their own region. One current example of this would be the current sea of Syrian refugees seeking a new, safer home in all corners of the word. These people are coming to nations like our own, with a cry for help to escape the grasp of corrupt government in the Middle East.

Thirdly is economical opportunity. A vast number of individuals migrate all over the world for new openings in jobs, and occupational promotions. Following work all around the world can benefit a person's income and diversity, and therefore many take up the offer when it is given. For instance, my uncle moved from Massachusetts to Ohio due to a job opening that would better the lives of his family and him.

Finally is cultural reasons. Moving for religious freedom, education, and many other different cultural subcategories is a popular reason for why people migrate. Being able to live in a place of freedom to express oneself is very important to most individuals and therefore can result in them migrating to a more beneficial area for their needs. For example, a large majority of Muslim people live in the Middle East because that is where their culture thrives the most.



the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.

Culture is one of the central habits of human life. Every person is submerged into a culture, if not multiple cultures, everyday. They can be involved in sports, which have a culture aspect to them. They could attend school or work in a place that thrives with a certain culture that they could apply to their life. Culture brings people's differences and likenesses together, to create a collective establishment of unique yet alike individuals. These groups can come together to create a larger, more diverse culture called a culture mosaic. These exclusive culture mosaics are more disparate and expanded throughout the world. Some examples of a cultural mosaic could be social media, a sports team, your school, a neighborhood, or even a city, town, or region.

cooperation and Conflict


assistance, especially by ready compliance with requests.


a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.

It is only human nature to agree and disagree on specific topics, however, the real challenge is finding a way to balance the two sides to create a peaceful and fair environment. Cooperation and conflict are hard to balance evenly, however, everyday we must endure some conflict, and use cooperation to solve it. The two go hand in hand as polar opposites. They outplay each other. If you have a conflict, cooperation can be used to cancel it out, however if you are cooperating, and conflict arises, the cooperation may dismantle. One good example of this is if two individuals were in a fight, but then they both decided that they were acting rash, and negotiated the problem, using cooperation, to resolve it.

What is to Come in the Future

In the future, it is possible that different social classes could switch roles and become more or less in power. However, in my opinion, I believe that the classes today will not change as much as everyone thinks. I predict that the middle class will rise as more of a superpower than it is now, however will not surpass the wealthy class as many think. I also believe that the poverty level will become much less populated, but again, will not be as dramatic of a change as thought to be. All in all, I do believe that a time of change is upon the world, and we should take advantage of that. I just do not believe that it will be extremely drastic in the near future.


human migration

Humans migrate everyday, but sometimes the way they migrate, or their reason for migration, is recognized on a higher scale, such as world news. Here are a few stories of human migration that made headlines:
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Syrian refugee count in the Western hemisphere and where they migrate most

culture mosaics

Cultural mosaics are very apparent in everyday life. However, not all of them may be accounted for. Some you may have missed include:

  1. social medias
  2. teams
  3. sports
  4. fan bases
  5. clubs
  6. schools
  7. friend groups
  8. student councils
  9. businesses

Each of these things has a cultural mosaic if not many cultural mosaics that hold all of the different components that make that group of individuals unique and special compared to other groups. For example, a fan base has a multitude of people that come together with different perspectives on a movie, artist, singer, actor, or book. Each person has a different personality and idea to bring to the table. these ideas, along with other components of the group, come together to create a special mosaic.

Friend groups can also be a cultural mosaic. All of the different traditions, jokes, and ideas that are central to all friend groups create a miniature culture that is unique to the group of friends. When many of these groups come together in a place such as school, a cultural mosaic of different groups of individuals is made.

Cooperation and Colflict

Cooperation and conflict are seen everyday, whether it be on the small scale, such as settling an argument in school, or in a larger situation, such as two countries settling a war with a treaty. One real life example of this could be the recent speech by the president of Chile. In her speech, she references the United States and says that, rather than living in a world of conflict, she would like to see the Americas come together to form a more whole union where the Americas are stronger together. She stated that she wanted the US and Chile, and all of South America to come together to create a better world. This exemplifies cooperation and conflict because she took a continuing conflict, and cooperated with the Us to create a hope for a better world.

Power Shifts in the Real World

Power shifts are constantly abuzz in the world. They continue the flow with economical, social, and political success. These power shifts change the way that cities, towns, and even nations coexist, collaborate, and work. Many times, power shifts from social group to social group. Possibly the largest social group experiencing power shifts frequently are businesses. One example of a business power shift comes in recent news. The Western hemisphere is becoming aware of the extreme power shift from their area of the world to Asia. China, Indonesia, and other manufacturing superpowers are beginning to take over the business world and become monopoly countries. For example, the first picture contains information from china's economical power in past years whereas the second picture is from 2016-2020. As one can see, the power shift has become extremely central in Asia, and continues to grow in that region. Power shifts like this are constantly occurring and spreading throughout the world.

These power shifts in business can have both negative and positive outcomes. They can be positive when two businesses can share the power they have come to negotiate and both thrive with success, in a partnership. However, sometimes power shifts can end on a sour note. One company can monopolize a product or service, and leave another company out of business. It all depends on how the companies negotiate, and what their intentions are. From the perspective of the company having positive results, the power shift would be an advantage and would be a great thing to happen to the company. However the company experiencing negative results would not be happy with the power shift and may become angry with the opposing country, causing conflict.

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Asian superpowers' GDP statuses from 1974-1994 and 1994-2014

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China and other Asian superpowers' GDP standings from 2016-2020


human migration

Human migration can apply to my life because I would not know my best friend if not for her mother migrating from Italy to the United States. My Dad met her mom on a job and me became very good friends with her husband. In turn, my Mom became very good friends with her mom. Then they all became best friends. Coincidentally, both my Mom and hers got pregnant at the same time and my best friend, Adriana, and I were born 11 days apart. We lived together for two years, and to this day we talk everyday and are even still inseparable. However none of this would have been possible if her mom did not migrate from Italy to Massachusetts with her family when she was 7. Therefore human migration is very special to me, and I know just as well as anyone that it can change your life, or even someone else's.

cultural mosaics

Cooperation and conflict

Cooperation and conflict constantly play a role in my everyday life. Home is probably where I could best relate this topic to. If my brothers are ever together, they are fighting. Conflict is an everyday activity in the Peterson household, therefore, for it to end, I have to find a resolution, and cooperate with my brothers to see what I can do to make them stop. For example, if one of them scores a goal in knee hockey and wins the match, the other will flip out and demand a rematch until they win. This is when I come in and tell them maybe instead of someone just flat out winning, they could maybe negotiate a "best 2 out of 3" situation. This usually works, and the conflict subsides.

bullets and ballots