Info on the Middle Ages

Interesting to learn

Black Death

The Black Death was one of the most violent and heart breaking plagues in the Middle Ages. The side effects of the Black Death were a tingling sensation, burning feeling, fever, black skin, decomposing flesh, and people died within hours to five days. People thought that god caused the planets to line up to cause the plague. They also thought that it might be from comits or by earthquakes giving off deadly fumes. Europe, Spain, and Eurasia lost about half of their population. The plague took place between 1347 to 1351. The plague was carried by rats that lived on the training ships from Europe. The fleas on them infected the rats, and when they bit people, that's when it all started. The plague caused the villages to be abandoned because the people all moved together and formed new cities. After 1351, the plague lowered down and it wasn't really a big problem anymore.

The Spanish Inquisition

The Spanish Inquisition began in 1483. It all started when the Muslims took control of Spain in 8th century. The Muslims were very tolerant of other religions. The Christians, Muslims, and the Jews were allowed to take up as much space as they wanted. Then the Christians started taking control over Spain until the Muslims only had Granada under their control. After the Christians got power over all of Spain, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand came to power. They decided that all the Muslims and Jews to leave Spain or to be killed. Some of the Jews and Muslims left but many wanted to stay. They all outwardly converted to Catholics. Even though they had converted the King and Queen were still suspicious. In 1478 the King and Queen asked the pope for permission to start the Spanish Inquisition. In 1483 the pope gave them permission to start the inquisition. They started taking Muslims and Jews off the street and put them on trial. Everybody that was a Jew and a Muslim was thought guilty. When they were in trial they wouldn't confess about who or what the King and Queen wanted to know. After getting no confessions they started touring them on the streets so everybody could celebrate and be happy as the torturing went on. It kept going on because the people would confess and then start another torture that would happen. One of the tour turbine devices was the strappado. It was when your hands are tied behind you while the rope that is tied is lifted on the ceiling and you are lifted up and slung up and down while your body becomes dislocated. Another one was the rack while you were stretched till near death and sometimes death. They finally stopped the inquisition because they just kept going. It was just a very long process. In the end it wasn't the church that brought everyone together it was the queen and king Isabella and Ferdinand.

The Crusades

The Crusades was a war that lasted for about a houndred years. They were a series of wars that were fought between the Christians and the Muslims in south west Asia. The reason for these wars was that the Christians wanted control over Palestine. Another name for Palestine was the " holy land ". This was another name because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died. Pope Urban called all of the Christians to retake the holy land from the Muslims Turks. Once others herd this news, people joined the popes army by the thousands. As they marched to war, they yelled their battle cry, " God wills it! " The first crusades started in 1096. On the way they attacked Jews in Germany. They blamed them for the death of Jesus. They reached Jerusalem in 1099. About a month later the crusaders captured Jerusalem. The fighting went on for many years. Along the way, children also started to try and fight in the crusades. Though they didn't last long because 1. They were young and didn't know much about fighting 2. They weren't prepared for the long journey. By 1291 the Muslims had already taken back all of the holy land. This was the end of the crusades.

Popes and Kings

Popes were the head of the Roman Catholic Church. They had the right to excommunicate people from the church. They also did the religious ceremonies such as weddings, offering, babtism, comunion, funerals, crissoning, and confermation. the kings had power over all. They were in charge of mostly everything. An example of a king would be king Richard in the crusades, or king charlemagne. King Charlemagne ruled as the " King of Fronks ". He also built his empire in 700s with the pope`s approval.

Feudalism in the Middle Ages

Feudalism in the middle ages started with the popes and churches on top, as well as kings. In some places the kings had the most power, but in few places the popes and churches had most power whether they noticed it or not. The popes and churches did the marrages, funerals, and took care of the taxes and money. Next in the feudalism were the Monarchs, then the nobles, knights, then vassals, then merchants, then farmers, then craftsmen, peasants, and finally, serfs. All of thes "jobs" were important. They did the food money house work, etc.

The Hundred Years War

The hundred years war started when king Charles the 4th died and had no son to take over. The two closest men in the family that could take over were Edward th 3rd and Edward`s cousin Philope. Edward the 3rd was close beacouse king charles` sister ( Issabella ) was his mother. And edward had the option of power because he felt that he was close as well and he thought that he should be the one to take the throne. It was also hard to find out who gets the throne because in France, the descendant from the queen and king would have the throne but in England, only the son from the king could be king. they declared war. One of the wars that were fought was the battle of Crecy, with was won by England. this battle was won because of the long bow. The french thought that they would suprise the english with a cross bow, but unfortunatly the cross bow could only shoot 1 to 2 arrows every minute. In the end, the english wasn`t so lucky... France fought hard and the english only had few survivores and they sailed home, leaving the french people for victory.

The Growth of Cities

People started to abandon cities and it was really hard to get food, and money was decreasing in use. Once people had had enough, they came up with trade. They would trade things like a shirt for some bread or anything like that. After a long time of trade, it slowly started to get better. Cities that had been abandoned slowly started to come back, and all of the old trading left and new trade started to come. people used the silk road probably more than anything for trade. Also, new towns were made and old cities became the main centers for trade and other things and different people. They also came up with new ideas for farming which increased the amount of food for most people. the middle age`s growth of cities was very succesful.

Churches

Churches in the middle ages were very different from the church today. Life revolved around the local church. Markets,festivals,and religious ceremonies all took place there. For some people though, the local church was not enough. they wanted to see important religious sites and places such as where Jesus lived and where sacred women had died. The church encouraged people to go on these journeys called pilgrimages. The church also gained a lot of political power during this time. Many people left land to the church when they died. At that era the church was the largest landholders in Europe. But eventually, the church was divided this land and they called it fiefs. In this way it became a feudal lord. All the clergy,bishops,and abbots were most invoked in the political matters. They often gave advise to the local rulers. some of the clergy got so addicted to political matters they hardly ever spent time with religious matters. The church in the middle ages is very different from are church today. Our churches do not have a say in political matters.