Period 4 (1800-1848)

Cassidy Stukes

Embargo Act (1807)

Embargo that stopped trade between the United States and Great Britain. Instead of helping US position, the Embargo Act backfired and had devastating effects on the economy.

EFFECTS : created a dependency on manufacturing and caused prices to skyrocket while also resulting in tensions among Federalists and many Americans against Jeffersonian politics.


The Napoleonic Wars was a string of conflicts between France and European powers.

(1803 - 1815 )

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE : emperor of France

1806 France: Prohibited all neutral trade with Great Britain

Impressment from British soldiers along with trade restrictions.

  • Chesapeake-Leopard Incident

What other events led up to the War of 1812?

- March 1809 : President Madison elected

- November 1811 : War Congress convenes and the Battle of Tippecanoe takes place [ Between Tecumseh's brother and William Henry Harrison's army ]

------------> June, 1812 America declares war on Britain!

War of 1812

Referred to as "The second war for independence" by the United States.

Soldiers Engaged

United States: 35,000
British Empire: 48,000

Us vs Britain, 10,000 Native Americans that fought with the British, and Canadians [allies]

Events during the war:

  • 1812 - Battle of Queenston Heights (British victory)
  • 1813 - American troops burn the city of York
  • 1814 - British burn Washington (White House burned down)
  • Sept. 1814 - Battle of Plattsburg (major american victory)
  • Sept. 1814 - Battle of Baltimore (star spangled banner written)
  • Jan. 1815 - Battle of New Orleans (american victory)
  • Treaty Of Ghent (1814)- returned shared borders between the U.S. and the colonies of Canada back to where they were before the war
  • Feb. 1815 - President Madison declares the war is over/ Peace Treaty ratified

Panic of 1819

Economic depression that occurred in 1819 as a result of the end of economic expansion following the War of 1812. Prices dropped significantly which hindered agriculture and manufacturing. This left many unemployed and homeless. All parts of the country were effected and prosperous times did not return until 1824.
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Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804)

-Fought in the battles of Yorktown & Monmouth

-Represented New York at the National Congress in Philadelphia

-Believed in a STRONG central government

-Co-authored the Federalist Papers along with John Jay and James Madison

-Served as Secretary of Treasury in Washington's Cabinet

-Wanted National debt payed off

Hamilton's Financial Plan

1. Establish the Bank of the U.S.
2. Place a tariff on imports.
3. After issuing bonds, the Gov. must pay back the bonds in full.
4. Impose direct taxes on people.

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Worcester vs. Georgia

In 1832, the Supreme Court ruled that the State of Georgia could not control the Cherokee within their territory. Marshall stated the only the federal government had the power to do that.The case revolved around two missionaries, Samuel Austin Worcester and Elizur Butler, who were welcomed by the Cherokee but who had not been given a license under Georgia law to live on Cherokee lands. They were forced to take an oath of allegiance to the state or leave Cherokee land. Both disobeyed Georgia's orders.
AP US History Study Guide: Period 4 - 1800 to 1848

WXT (Theme #1)

The Embargo act had a devastating impact on commerce within the United States and shut off trade with other countries.

IDENTITY (Theme #2)

The Federalist party died out around 1814-1815 following the Hartford Convention.