Cocaine/ Crack

By: Harshitha, Parabjot,Harnaik and Suleqa

What Is Cocaine\Crack?

Cocaine and Crack have commanding stimulants that speed up the actions of the brain. Cocaine can appear as a powder form known as cocaine hydrochloride also known as ‘crack’. Crack is more intense than cocaine making a person feel more awake and alert, crack is sometimes turned into a liquid form and injected into the body. Crack and cocaine have strong effects and urges. ( Fitzhugh k. 2006. Page 6,7)

(Feroze D. 2014)

Statistics On Cocaine\Crack

  • About 13 million used cocaine, that’s 0.3% of the world’s population between the ages 15 and 65
  • 15% have use cocaine or crack at least once in their lifetime between the ages 19 and 28

  • 8.1% of the twelfth graders used crack at least once in their lifetime

    (Fitzhugh K. 2006. Page 17). Image: Girl doing cocaine.Retrieved from :

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Sreet Names For Cocaine\Crack

Some names for cocaine and crack include: Candy, Cola, C, Big Flakes, Powder, Dust, Big Rush, Pearl, Nose candy, Line, Rail and Snow.

(Rehabs. 2016. Retrieved from Los Angeles Times. 2010)

Physiological Short\ Long Term Effects

Emotional Effects

  • Angry

  • Hostile

  • Anxiety
  • Depression

(Almendrala A. 2014)

Mental Effects

  • Paranoia
  • Hallucination

  • Panic And Psychosis

(Vignesh Jathavara. 2016)

Physical Effects

  • Risk Of Heart Attack
  • Loss Of Appetite

  • Panic And Psychosis
  • Trouble Breathing
  • Cracked And Blistered Lips
  • Risk Of Stroke
  • Dilated Pupils

(Alaska Native News. 2015)

Physiological Effects of Cocaine

  • Cocaine motivates "dark" pieces of the brain that produces mental state of happiness and energy (36 Lehr Wagner).

  • Cocaine doesn’t simply upset the brain, it changes your brain (41).

  • If the cocaine is introduced to your body in anyway, it will finally reach the brain. Cocaine transforms the brain into having a crave or need the feeling of pleasure caused by the drug source.

  • Causes your pupils to expand (45).

  • Intense anxiety and depression

  • No “normal” brain working until cocaine is existent in the brain (46).

  • Images: knowing the signs of cocaine abuse.

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Short term effects:

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Long term effects

  • Depression and anxiety

  • Paranoia

  • Nasal damage and breathing problems

  • Risk of HIV

  • Chest pain

  • Loneliness

  • Abdominal pain

  • Weight loss

Careless and destructive behaviour even with their family and friends (Phycology today.12/27/2015.Cocaine.Retreived from

Image:(How to quit cocaine.1/31/11

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Signs of Addiction

  • No hunger

  • Paranoid illusions

  • Hallucinations

  • No sleep

  • Deep depression and pain until its consumed

  • Feeling the need to consume cocaine to experience happiness

    (Drug use. (2016). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from

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Legal Status/ Consequences

The legal status of cocaine is under the provisions of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act.

This includes sentencing and fines for each category of offense-

-Possession of the drug can result in seven years imprisonment

-While trafficking and manufacturing of the drug can result in life imprisonment

-Driving while impaired by cocaine is also a crime

Where to get help from the community?

  • Visit a drug rehab or a clinic for treatment

Canadian centre for addictions

(Canada’s chose private drug rehab. May 2015) .

Searidge foundation

This foundation is one of the best drug and alcohol rehabs inCanada.

SearidgeRehabCentre.2012.Retreived from

Test Your Knowledge

True or False

1. Teens mostly use cocaine more than adults?

2. Drug overdose can lead to death?

3. Cocaine causes depression?

4. Cocaine is ONLY a solid?

5. Crack/ cocaine are the same thing?

6. Crack has a liquid form?

7. Crack is also known as "cocaine hydrochloric"?

8. Cocaine can cause blisters?

9. Should someone get help?

10. Does this drug speed up the process of the brain?

Multiple Choice

1.What another name for crack?

a) Cocaine hydrochloric

b) Hydro

c) Nuclear

d) Boom

2. What is one street name?

a) Big C



d) Frost

3. What is one legal status?

a)Possession of the drug can result in prison

b) Cocaine is good

c) help is not needed

d) Possession of the drug is good