Maddie D 6th Period

Introduction to Indonesia

Halo dan selamat datang di Indonesia. Indonesia is a beautiful archipelago with over 17,500 islands. We have a wonderful president and legislature. Our capital, Jakarta, is beautiful and where everything is going on. Indonesia has the 16th largest economy. We are also one of the biggest trading regions. We have a mix of many religions. The main religion is Islam, but there is also Protestant, Roman Catholic, Hindu, and many more. Indonesia has a population of about 248,645,000 people. There are beautiful volcanoes that make fertile ash that is good for farming. Indonesia mines many things such as tin, silver, nickel, copper, and gold. Farming provides nearly half the people with work. Farmers grow rice, coffee, tea, coconuts, and rubber. There are also many oil and natural gas reserves.

Indonesia- Land of Wealth

Geography and Climate

Indonesia lays between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The total area is 1,904,569 sq km, and only 93,000 sq km of it is water. The climate is tropical, so it's not too hot and it's not too cold. Puncak Jaya is the highest summit of Mount Carstensz, and the highest elevation point in Indonesia. It is great for mountain climbing Some of our many natural resources are: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, and silver. There are also volcanoes that make fertile ash for farmers, so we have yummy crops.

People and Culture

There are so many people in Indonesia. With a whooping population of about 248,645,000 people, there is a beautiful blend of culture and ethnicity. 40.6% of the population is Javanese, 15% Sundanese, 3.3% Madurese, and many more. That's what I called mixed. Why don't you come and see all of these wonderful people.

There are also many languages. The official language is Bahasa Indonesian, but others include English, Dutch, and many other local languages. If you come, you can see how these people communicate. Maybe you can learn something.

There are many different religions in Indonesia. The main religion is Islam. In fact, Indonesia is the largest country where the population is mostly Muslim. Other religions include Protestant, Roman Catholic, Hindu, and others.

Government and Citizenship

Formally known as the Netherlands East Indies, The Republic of Indonesia is a republic. The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta, located on Java island. In the Executive Branch is President Susilo Bambang, who is the chief of state, head of the government, and commander of the armed forces, and the cabinet that is appointed by the president. President and vice president are elected for 5 year terms and are eligible for a second term. In the Legislative branch, the People's Consultative Assembly can impeach the president but cannot make national polices. In the Judicial Branch, the Supreme Court, or Mahkamah Agung, is the final court of appeal, but does not have the power of judicial review.

People are allowed to vote at the age of 17; universal and married people regardless of age. Anyone is allowed to vote. Most people can read and write, and schooling is provided by the government for a small fee.


Indonesia has a mixed economy. According to the World Trade Organization, Indonesia was the 27th biggest exporting country in the world in 2010. Imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, and foodstuffs. Exports include oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, rubber, and textiles. Agriculture products include rice, cassava, peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, and eggs.

The unimployment rate is 6.7%. Manufactured items provide much of the export income. Most manufacturing plants are in Java. Service industries have become more important to the economy. Agriculture employs about 2/5 of the workers in Indonesia.