Types of Mining and Fracking

by: Victoria Malie

Surface Mining

  • a method of mining used to extract minerals and metals near the surface of the Earth
  • Habitat destruction, soil erosion, pollution, etc.
  • strip mining, open pit mining, Mountain top removal
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Subsurface Mining

  • digging tunnels or shafts into the earth to reach buried mineral deposits
  • acid mine drainage, poor air quality, ugly equipment, can cause lung disease and cancer
  • slope mining, drift mining, shaft mining
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