Life of Suleiman the Magnificent

A Great Leader. A Great Builder. A Great Law Giver

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Personal Life

Suleiman the Magnificent was born on April 27, 1495 to Sultan Selim I and Hafsa Sultan. His father, Sultan Selim I greatly emphasizes Suleiman’s education. He was first educated by his grandmother, Gulbahar Hatun, until he was seven years old. He was then sent to his grandfather, Sultan Bayezid II, in Istanbul, where he was educated by Karakızoglu Hayreddin Hızır Efendi, a famous scholar. Besides from lessons in war tactics and techniques, he was also taught history, science, literature, and theocracy. At age 15, he was sent to Sarki province, Karahisar, Bolu, and Kefe in order to fulfill his dream of becoming a governor. After his father, Sultan Selim I, passed away, Suleiman took over, and succeeded him. In his life time, he was married to Hurrem Haseki Sultana, Mahidevran Kadın, Gulfem Hatun, Fulane Hatun. He had 10 children, his sons were Selim II, Bayezid, Abdullah, Murad, Mehmed, Mahmud, Cihangir, and Mustafa, and his daughters were Mihriman Sultan, and Raziye Sultan.

“What men call sovereignty is a worldly strife and constant war; Worship of God is the highest throne, the happiest of all estates.”- “What men call sovereignty is a worldly strife and constant war; Worship of God is the highest throne, the happiest of all estates.”- Suleiman the Magnificient

His Rule

Suleiman believed that he received his power by God. He called himself the ‘Slave of God’. He also called himself ‘mater of the lands of Caesar and Alexander the Great.” During his ruling Suleiman used the Qur’an to justify everything he did. He ruled as a “perfect” Muslim. He was known for many different things, the lawgiver, the conqueror, and the builder. As the lawgiver, he used the Shari’ah, laws from the Qur’an, over the Islamic states. As the conqueror he made many fear his presence. Sulieman was a big part of European politics, he wanted to destabilize the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire. When Europe split between the Roman Catholics and the Protestant, Suleiman gave economic support to the Protestants. As Suleiman the Builder, he undertook Istanbul and began to build bridges, mosques, and palaces. He also spread art around the nation. Under his rule, Istanbul became the center of art, music, writing, and philosophy in the Islamic world. After he died, the power of the state declined drastically under his son, Selim II.

Acheivements

  • Suleyman built mosques in Istanbul, selimiye mosque in Edirne and reconstructed the grand mosque in mecca.


  • Conquered many land in Europe
  • Build a wall around Jerusalem

Citation

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