Genu Varum

By Mackenzie donahoo

What is Genu Varum?

A physical deformity marked by (outward) bowing of the lower leg in relation to the thigh, giving the appearance of an archer's bow. Usually medical agulation of both femur and tibia is involved.


How is Genu Varum diagnosed?

The diagnosis of bowed legs begins with proper physical examination of a suffering child. The space between the knees is measured in order to determine the intensity of the disorder. However, doctors may recommend blood tests in order to rule out the existence of rickets. X-rays are often recommended to GVR patients if

  • The bowing deteriorates
  • Test results confirm the presence of any other disease
  • The infant is above 3 years of age
  • Bowing on both sides is not equivalent


Risks for a child with Genu Varum

If GVR persists in the legs of patients, it may give rise to arthritis in the hips or knees in the due course. Hence, proper medical treatment should be availed in order to prevent the occurrence of the ailment. Genu Varum is a common knee disorder causing physical deformity. Get in touch with your doctor for a diagnosis, if you experience the signs and symptoms of GVR. Parents of sufferers are highly recommended not to neglect the disorder and avail early treatment in order to avoid the occurrence of associated complications.

Symptoms of Genu Varum

Bandy-legs are evident from adolescence when an affected infant stands and begins to walk. The primary symptom of the disorder is a discomfited walking pattern. Bowed legs are quite common among toddlers. However, the degree of bowing sometimes alarms parents of affected infants to seek medical attention. Intoeing is quite common among toddlers and often occurs in association with bowed legs. Bowed legs does not give rise to pain, however, persistent bowing can often give rise to discomfort in knees, hips and ankles.

What can I do if my child has Genu Varum?

Most of the time, infants with Genu Varum grow out of it be age 3 but sometimes they have to have surgery or go on medication.

Surgerical treatment

In rare cases, when GVR does not resolve completely, it gives rise to cosmetic concerns among parents of an affected kid. If the physical deformity is severe, medical surgery is often recommended to such patients to correct the bowing completely.

Non-Surgical Treatment

If bowing does not resolve within 6 months of its occurrence, doctors often recommend non-surgical procedures for such patients. These techniques include use of medicines and drugs.

Additional things that can cause Genu Varum

  • If a child is unwell due to rickets
  • If he or she is suffering from any disorder which restricts the ossification of the bones
  • If the child is not properly fed

What other diseases come from Genu Varum?


  • Pseudoachondroplasia
  • Hyperostosis corticalis deformans juvenilis
  • Caffey's disease
  • Camptomelic dysplasia
  • Osteofibrous dysplasia
  • Osteomalacia
  • Fibular hemimelia
  • Metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, Schmid type
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Kyphomelic dysplasia
  • Achondroplasia
  • Blount's disease
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Hypophosphatasia
  • Weismann-Netter-Stuhl syndrome
  • Paget's disease of bone