Bridging the Gap Project

BY: Abby Johnson, Andrew , Brandon


The story I read!!!!!!

"The White Heron" by Sarah Orne Jewett

(Little Summery)

Sylvia lives on a farm. She hadn't always lived on a farm. She used to live in the city. She prefers the farm and its solitude and all the birds and animals. Sylvia's in charge of milking a pesky, wandering cow. One day as she walks the cow back home, she hears a whistle. The whistle belongs to a hunter, carrying a gun, searching for rare birds to kill and stuff. The hunter offers Sylvia $10 if she can help him find a white heron. Silvia dreams of the many things she could buy with $10

Literary Characteristics

  • Man in the Nature world

  • Isolation

  • Choices

  • Imergrey

  • Symbolism

    1. “She remembers how the white heron came flying through the golden air and [...] and Sylvia cannot speak; she cannot tell the heron's secret and give its life away.” (2.13)

Major Events of the Time

  • (1851) Illinois Central Railroad, the first railroad in the U.S. to receive a grant of public lands, was chartered. This backbone north/south route was completed in 1856.

  • (1860) Abraham Lincoln left Springfield to become president of the U.S.

  • (1861-1865) Civil War took 256,297 Illinois men away from their families, over 34,000 were killed or died of disease.

  • Great Depression of 1873–96.

  • (1880) Stationary steam engines powering threshing machines were becoming more prevalent in Illinois wheat fields.

  • (1889) Jane Addams opened Hull House in the worst slum district on the West Side of Chicago. Addams and her associates developed programs to educate and improve the living conditions of immigrants--about half the population half the population cago at the time.

Attitude of the Nation

  • Very sad time and a hard to find jobs and support your family

  • The Great Depression of 1873–96.

Advancements of the Time

  • Car companies

  • The railroads advanced the produce of food

Political Situations

  • Money was short

  • Had to work hard for earning money.

Social Tendencies

  • Poor

  • Longing working days to provide for family

  1. "When they reached the door of the lonely house [...] Sylvia whispered that this was a beautiful place to live in, and she never should wish to go home."(1.3)

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc)

In the 1850s, the domed skirts of the 1840s continued to expand. Skirts were made fuller by means of flounces (deep ruffles), usually in tiers of three, gathered tightly at the top and stiffened with horsehair braid at the bottom.

  • "There was an open place where the sunshine always seemed strangely yellow and hot [...] and her grandmother had warned her that she might sink in the soft black mud underneath and never be heard of more." (1.23)


How in the 1850-1890's valued their money and who it was hard to earn much.
  • "At last, evening began to fall, and they drove the cow home together, and Sylvia smiled with pleasure when they came to the place where she heard the whistle and was afraid only the night before."(1.27)

How people valued work and worked for what they wanted.

The people also valued everything around them and used their resources and what the had.

  • "Alas, if the great wave of human interest which flooded for the first time this dull little life should sweep away the satisfactions of an existence heart to heart with nature!" (2.3)

1890 - 1910

Story I Read!

“The Open Boat”

Stephen Crane

Literary Characteristics

  • Symbolism
  • Imagery
  • Allergory

Major Events of the Time

  • Dec. 29, 1890- Massacre at WoundedKnee

1891- First labor law introduced, 8 hour workday

1892- Ellis Island opens

1896- Utah becomes 45th state

Feb. 15, 1898- Remember the Maine

April 24, 1898- Spanish American War begins

1900’s- Prohibition begins

Sep. 5, 1901- President William McKinley shot

1903- Wright Brothers first successful flight

1906- San Francisco earthquakes

Attitude of the Nation

  • The nation was very unstable between 1890-1910

  • Immigrants were beginning to come in and the economy was not doing well

Advancements of the Time

  • Moving pictures were invented.

  • Aspirin invented

Political Situations

  • Presidents and political figures were being bought by the super wealthy.

  • President McKinley was shot in 1901.

  • Teddy Roosevelt elected.

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc)

  • First film projector

  • First radio program broadcast

Important Information About the Story/Text

  • Four people are on a ship that sinks.

  • They go onto a small lifeboat and one of them thinks there is a small island of refuge.

  • They realize nobody is there so they head back out to sea.

  • Being stuck on a small boat together brought a sense of brotherhood between the men.

  • The captain believes no one will save them so they must try and make it to land by themselves.

  • They get close to land and then a large wave capsized the boat and they were stuck in the water without the boat


"To express any particular optimism at this time they felt to be

childish and stupid, but they all doubtless possessed this sense of the

situation in their mind”

“It would be difficult to describe the subtle brotherhood of men that was

here established on the seas”

“There was surely in it a quality that was personal and heartfelt.”

“The lightheartedness of a former time had completely faded”

“I suppose we'll have to make a try for ourselves.”


Some people worked very hard for very little pay. It was unfair for the workers, it was almost like they were drowning.

"...For it was certainly an abominable injustice to drown a man who had worked so hard, so hard."


Story I Read!

“Soldiers Home” By Ernest Hemingway


Kerbs went to war in 1917 and came back in 1919. when Kerbs returns no one celebrates his return from the war, he came back after everyone else got back and did a hysteria. he also cannot get anyone to hear his stories of when he was at war. Kerbs lied twice to get people's attention for his stories of the war, both times he hated every second of it. People got bored of the war stories. At Kerbs house with his mom and sister Kerb is a hero they sometimes ask about the war but after awhile they get bored of the stories. After contemplating on his life and his future actions Kerb decides to go watch his sisters baseball game.

Major events

  • (April 14, 1912 the Titanic sinks) people in this time felt a very saddening moment, the biggest ship in the world “at the time” sinks and kills thousands.

  • (June 28 1914 world war 1 begins)
    people around the world frightened about the war and other countries keeping out of the way of the war.

  • (April 6 1917 U.S. Enteres world war 1) men are recruited to enter the war and help its ally's.

  • (March 19 1918 daylight savings)

  • (January 17 1920 18th amendment) prohibition of alcoholic beverages

  • (August 18 1920 19th Amendment) prohibits U.S. Citizens denial of voting right based on gender

  • (November 2 1920 first commercial radio broadcast)

  • (January 11 1922 insulin discovered)

    • (June 18 1925 Mein Kampf Published)

    • (August 6 1926 Gertrude Ederle swims English Channel)

    • (May 20 1927 Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean)

    • (May 26 1927 model T)

    • (October 6 1927 first talking movie the jazz singer)

    • (January 22 1928 penicillin discovered)

    • (January 22 1928 sliced bread invented)

    • (January 22 1929 stock market crashes)

Attitude of the nation

  • The nation is at war so it's a very stressing and depressing time for the people of America.

  • World war 1 April 6 1917 the U.S. Enters the war.


  • The titanic was created, the biggest ship ever made

  • World war 1 made us improve our weaponry and the way we look at warfare.

Literary Characteristics

  • Depressing

  • Show of strength

  • Symbolism

Pop culture

  • Music and dance 1912 - Tango invented - "Tangomania" led to shorter skirts, lipstick, etc. - banned in some American cities as too risque!

  • 1907 - Boy Scouts founded in London and subsequently brought to the United States and other countries - leadership and survival skills taught, public service

  • 1910 - US President Taft threw out the ceremonial First Pitch to start a new tradition- first US President to do this

  • 1913 - Crossword puzzles invented

  • 1914 - Jack La Lanne born - major pioneer in fitness, health food, workout equipment, exercise programs, juicers, etc.

  • 1918 - entire World Series of Baseball played in month of September due to WWI "Work or Fight" order; only World Series to be played entirely in September

  • 1919 - Team (Decatur Staleys) created which would eventually become the Chicago Bears

  • 1919 - Chicago White Sox threw the World Series, deliberately losing for pay - first Commissioner of Baseball was appointed in the aftermath, and several of these players ended up banned for life from the game


  • "At first Krebs...did not want to talk about the war at all. Later he felt the need to talk but no one wanted to hear about it".

  • "...the world they were in was not the world he was in".

  • "You did not need a girl unless you thought about them. He learned that in the Army".

  • "He wanted to live along without consequences".

  • "...the young girls had grown up...they lived in such a complicated world of already defined alliances...that (he) did not feel the energy or the courage to break into it".


Some people that didn't go to war don't understand the trouble of what the men needed to do to get used to there past life style.

  • "...the world they were in was not the world he was in".
The family members that some men have when they come back from the war have completely change and some men don't know how to get used to the change.

  • "...the young girls had grown up...they lived in such a complicated world of already defined alliances...that (he) did not feel the energy or the courage to break into it".