Oman

Izaak Stahl

Here are some facts about Oman

Muscat is the capital of Oman. Muscat metropolitan area stretches over approximately 580 square miles and has an estimated population of 1,090,797. Oman covers an area of 119,498 square miles and has an estimated population of 3,608,545. Arabic is the official language of Oman. Other languages in Oman are English, Urdu, and other Indian dialects spoken by Indian immigrants and tourists.Majority of the people in Oman are Muslims. Non-Muslim religious communities comprise less than 5% of the population. Almost 67% of the population comprises Ibadhi, a distinct form of Islam, while 32% of the population is Sunni Muslim.

The leader and government in Oman

Oman has no legal political parties and is an absolute monarchy. The hereditary sultan appoints a cabinet. The cabinet thus appointed is called "Diwans". Legislative powers are exercised by the "Diwans". Qaboos bin Said Al Said is the 14th and the current Sultan of Oman. He came to power after overthrowing his father in a palace coup in 1970. Sayyid Fahd Bin Mahmoud al Said is the current deputy prime minister of the Sultanate of Oman. He assumed office on June 23, 1970.

Geography of Oman

Oman is located in the southeastern quarter of the Arabian Peninsula and covers a total land area of 309,500 square kilometers. The land area is composed of varying topographic features: valleys and desert account for 82 percent of the land mass; mountain ranges, 15 percent; and the coastal plain, 3 percent.

The sultanate is flanked by the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea, and the Rub' al Khali (Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia, all of which contributed to Oman's isolation. Historically, the country's contacts with the rest of the world were by sea, which not only provided access to foreign lands but also linked the coastal towns of Oman. The Rub al Khali, difficult to cross even with modern desert transport, formed a barrier between the sultanate and the Arabian interior. The Al Hajar Mountains, which form a belt between the coast and the desert from theMusandam Peninsula (Ras Musandam) to the city of Sur at Oman's easternmost point, formed another barrier. These geographic barriers kept the interior of Oman free from foreign military encroachment.