Las palabras interrogativos

Spanish Question Words

Las palabras interrogativas

Who ¿Quién?/Quiénes?
With whom ¿Con quién/-es?
What ¿Qué?
How ¿Cómo?
Where ¿Dónde?
To where ¿Adónde?
From where ¿De dónde?
When ¿Cuándo?
At what time ¿A qué hora?
Why ¿Por qué?
For what ¿Para qué?
How often ¿Con qué frecuencia?
Which ¿Cuál/Cuáles?
How much/many ¿Cuánto/-a/-os
Notice that the Spanish interrogatives all have accent marks. This is important when writing because these words have different meanings without the accent marks.
12 days of Spanish SVHSONEY2012

¿Qué? vs ¿Cuál?

  • Qué means "what" when we need to define something:
      • ¿Qué es esto? What is that?
      • ¿Qué haces? What are you doing?

  • Cuál means "which" but it also can function as "what". We use Cuál to mean "what" when we are identifying something:

¿Cuál es su nombre? What is your name?

--meaning, "of all the names there are, which is yours?"


If you asked, ¿Qué es su nombre?, you would be asking what type or kind of name do you have - Irish? English? Cuban?

¿Cuál es su número de teléfono? What is your telephone number?

--meaning, "of all the phone numbers there are, which is yours?"


If you asked, ¿Qué es su número de teléfono?, you would be asking what is a telephone number (it's a series of numbers one enters into a telephone in order to call another person's telephone.


There is a basic rule of thumb that we use Qué with nouns and Cuál with verbs:

¿Qué materias estudias este semestre? ¿Cuáles son tus clases este semestre?

Spanish Question Words / Interrogative Words

Word order:

You learned that the conjugated verb in Spanish implies the following forms:
ella estudia:
she studies
she is studying
she does study
When forming a question without a question word: Does she study? in Spanish the word order is: conjugated verb / subject / rest of words
¿Estudia ella? means
She studies?
Does she study?
Is she studying?

When using interrogatives, the word order is:
interrogative / verb / subject / rest of words

When does she study? = ¿Cuándo estudia ella?
-Interrogativas- to the tune of Gaga's -Telephone-

“Interrogativas” (Question Words) To the tune of Lady Gaga’s “Telephone” Lyrics by: Deb Navarre

(Note: Spanish interrogatives are bolded throughout song)

Verse 1:
¿Cuándo?” is the word you use to ask somebody when
And to find out who you’ll have to use word, “¿quién?
What what what in Spanish is a quite small word it’s “¿qué?
To ask the question why you’ll have to use the phrase, “¿por qué?
U, use the phrase, “¿por qué?”
U, use the phrase, “¿por qué?
To ask the question why you’ll have to use the phrase, “¿por qué?

Verse 2:
¿Dónde?” it means where as in the phrase I’m gonna say:
“¿A dónde vas tú hoy?” means where are you going today?
¿Cómo?” is the word you use to find out how, o.k.?
¿Cómo estás?” means how you doin’?, it’s so easy

Chorus:
¿Cuánto? and ¿cuándo? ¿cómo? ¿cuál? ¿quién? ¿qué? and there’s more
¿Por qué? and ¿dónde? now what are they good for?
Asking questions when you can’t go on anymore
Important are interrogatives for sure!
(Note: 2 x last time through)

¿Cuánto, cuándo, cómo, cuál, quién, qué, por qué, dónde?
¿Cuánto, cuándo, cómo, cuál, quién, qué, por qué, dónde?
¿Cuánto, cuándo, cómo, cuál, quién, qué, por qué, dónde?
¿Cuánto, cuándo, cómo, cuál, quién, qué, por qué, dónde?

Use these all you want at your school and home
Use these when you use your telephone
Use these during Spanish Club
And the answers will always be known
Use these all you want at your school and home
Use these when you use your telephone
Use these during Spanish Club
And the answers will always be known
(Note: Go to “End Tag” when sung after Verse 3)

Bridge:
Using these question words will help you speak Spanish much faster
Get your answers faster
Give your answers faster
Using these question words will help to prevent a disaster
You’ll be able to answer
Knowing what they might ask ya…

Verse 3:
¿Cuál?” you’ll use to find out which yeah that’s what you’ll say
¿Cuál es tu favorito? means which one is your fav?
Sometimes you’ll want to use”¿Cuánto?” like when you bargain
Use “¿Cuánto cuesta?” to find out the price they’re asking
The price they’re asking
The price asking
Use “¿Cuánto cuesta?” to find out the price they’re asking

To Chorus…

End Tag:
Always be known
Al-al-always be known
Use these when you’re at Spanish Club
And the answers will always be known
(2x)