13th Amendment Ratified

December 6, 1865

Summary

The Thirteenth Amendment was passed at the end of the Civil War. Although the Senate passed it in April 1864, the House did not. Lincoln then took an active role to ensure that Congress would pass the amendment. He insisted that the Thirteenth amendment passage be added to republican political parties. His efforts were successful because the bill was passed in January 1865 with a vote of 119-56. the 13th amendment along with the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments expanded civil rights in the United States.
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People Involved

  • Abraham Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
  • A proposal by James Mitchell Ashley is known as a trigger to several other proposals that arose in that following year on December 14, 1863.
  • Senator John Henderson submitted a joint resolution for an amendment abolishing slavery.
  • Lyman Trumbull, who was an Illinois Republican, began to consider different versions of the slavery abolition amendment.
  • Senator Charles Sumner submitted an amendment that would guarantee equality under the law.

Interesting Facts

  • April 1864 - The Senate passed the Thirteenth Amendment.
  • June 15 1864 - The House of Representatives defeated the Thirteenth Amendment by a vote of 93-65.
  • January 31, 1865 - The House of Representatives passed the Thirteenth Amendment by a vote of 119-56.
  • December 18, 1865 - Secretary of State William Seward issued a statement verifying the Ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment.
  • The Senate Judiciary Committee drafted the final language for the Thirteenth Amendment. The amendment is written in two sections.

Works Cited

"Abraham Lincoln as Constitutional Radical: The 13th Amendment." Constitution Daily. N.p., 12 July 2013. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"Facts about the 13th Amendment." "The 13th Amendment" N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"Facts about the 13th Amendment." "The 13th Amendment" N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"How the 13th Amendment Was a Turning Point." How the 13th Amendment Was a Turning Point. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"Primary And Secondary Sources." "The 13th Amendment" N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery (1865)." Our Documents -. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.

"Who Was Involved in the Creation of the 13th Amendment? The End to Slavery in the U.S." Bright Hub Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2015.