Agriculture Across the World

Vietnam

What is Agriculture?

Agriculture is the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.


USDA

The United States Department of Agriculture is responsible for the farming and agriculture that takes place in the US. They make sure food is being made and distributed properly to ensure the well being of the people. "It promotes agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and abroad." The USDA as well monitors Vietnam's exports and imports, keeping the country under the close supervision of the U.S.


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Vietnam:

Location: Far right of Asia, off the coast of Thailand and China

Population: 88.78 million

Government: Communist

Poverty level: 12.6%

Education System: 97.1% literacy. Only around 50% finish upper secondary and less than 10% finish third level schooling.

Average Household Income: monthly wages of around $185 averaging $2,220 a year

Average Family Size: around 5 members

Religious Beliefs: Indigenous religions (45.3%) Buddhism (16.4%) Christianity (8.7%) Non-religious (29.6%)

Animal Rights and Welfare: There are many organizations in Vietnam that help with the welfare and homing of animals, yet in the poverty stricken areas many animals roam wild to fend for themselves. Laws are rarely enforced when it comes to animal cruelty.

Technology: Major sea ports, Air travel, roads, skyscrapers,

Start ups, software outsourcing companies, e-commerce websites, and mobile app and video game developers are all part of the technology industry in Vietnam which is now trying to size up to compete globally.


Economic Advantages and Disadvantages in Vietnam

Farming in Vietnam

Technology: They have similar machines like the US on wealthy farms, many of the poverty stricken farms still have plows pulled by horses and do much of everything by hand.

Common Crops: Second largest rice exporter in the world, coffee, cotton, peanuts, rubber, sugarcane, and tea.

Common Animals: Cattle, sheep, pigs, fish, many similar animals as the US

Commonly Consumed Foods: Bánh canh (a noodle dish), rice cakes, seafood dishes, and vegetables and beef soups are common. They as well have desserts like chocolates, banana cakes, doughnuts and more. A popular dish in the south is cha tom (shrimp wrapped in sugarcane) which sounds like an odd combination to me that many people may actually find intriguing.

Farming Method: "Slash and Burn" is commonly used to clear large areas for farm land, unlike the us who is large enough and with enough land to be put aside for farming. They as well cut hill sides into layers to allow for more farming space and allowing water to run down the hill sides irrigating the crops.


Agricultural Traditions and New Beginnings, Viet Nam
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