VCR Lesson 5

Russell Harris

Fill in the blank with the correct word from lesson 5

The student's __________ for American history is what influenced their decision to get a job at the local museum.
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The word and definition

penchant (n.)


a strong inclination or liking

Roots

PENDO, PENDERE, PEPENDI, PENSUM (L.) "to cause to hang down," "to weigh"


PONDERO, PONDERARE, PONDERAVI, PONDERATUM (L.) "to weigh"

Synonyms

  • fondness
  • inclination
  • affection
  • affinity
  • predilection
  • propensity

Antonyms

  • antipathy
  • disinclination
  • dislike
  • hate
  • hatred

Difference between "penchant" and "proclivity"

  • Penchant and proclivity function differently, even though they seem to have similar meanings.
  • A penchant is a preference for something.
  • A proclivity is an inner impulse or direction, a characteristic action.
  • A person may have a penchant, or fondness, for shopping and a proclivity, or inclination, to impulse buy.

Choose the letter of the sentence in which the word in bold-faced type is used incorrectly

a. Despite his strong penchant for dogs, the man knew he couldn't afford one even though he wanted one.


b. Because of her penchant for charity, the woman donated several shirts to Goodwill every year.


c. The man's strong penchant for planes is what influenced his decision to travel by car.


d. Even though she couldn't have one on her own, the woman's penchant for children is what caused her to adopt one.

Answer

The correct answer is C because the word penchant means to strongly like not to strongly dislike. If the man really liked planes he would travel in one, not a car.