The Expulsion of the Acadians

By: Poomicaa and Kiya

Acadia and The Acadians

The Acadians lived on Nova scotia's territory since 1604, when Port Royal was founded. They developed a vibrant and quite small community around the Bay of Fundy. As they were ignored by the French, the Acadians became very independent.


-Kiya Palta

The French

Who were the people of New France?


The people of New France had a variety of types for what they had been called as. Some were filles du roi, while others were habitants. Some were voyageurs while others were seigneurs. Some were priests and nuns while others were soldiers. The French had many jobs and they were also called based on their jobs.


Why did the French come to Canada?


The French came to Canada because Spain was on a decline during the 16th century. Other European powers decided to capitalize on the American Continent (North and South America). French protestants tried to come to Florida but the Spanish killed everyone who came because they were protestants. The French also came for vast wealth and possibly to pay for their lifestyle of military.


When did the French first arrive?


The French first arrived in Canada in 1605 after trying to settle in Florida; many of the French were killed by the Spanish when they tried to settle in Florida.


Where was the first French permanent settlement? What s it called today?


The first French permanent settlement was "Port Royal" in Quebec, Canada. They settled in 1604. The Port Royal was made by Charlesbourg-Royale in 1534. This French settlement is now called "Cape Breton Island".


What did the people of New France contribute to Canada?


The people of New France contributed many things to Canada. Some things that they did contribute were their culture, religion, traditions, weapons and scientific technology. The French also traded their goods and needs with the Aboriginals (First Nations).


-Poomicaa Piratheepan

Timeline

1604-French presence established in the New World

1605-Champlain moves to Port Royal

1632-Core group of settlers arrives

1654-French settlement ceases

1671-First Acadian Census

1713-War of Spanish Succession ends

1719-Work begins on Fortress Louisbourg

1730-Acadians sign oath of allegiance to the British Crown

1745-Louisbourg falls to British

1748-Louisbourg returned to French

1749-Halifax established

1750-Population reaches 10,000

1754-Beginning of the French and Indian War

1755-Decision made to begin Expulsion

1758-Last Acadians deported

1763-Signing of the Treaty of Paris

1764-Acadians slowly return

1765-Acadians settle in Louisiana

1847-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow publishes �vang�line

1864-St. Joseph's College founded

1881-First Acadian Convention established

1890-St. Anne's College established

1901-45,000 people of French origin in Nova Scotia

1963-Universit� de Moncton founded

1994-First Acadian World Congress

1999-World Congress held in Lafayette, Louisiana

2003-Wrongs against Acadians recognized

2004-World Congress in Nova Scotia

The Event (Europeans)

Topic: In 1755, the English began to expel the Acadians.


Who?


Many people were involved in the expulsion of the Acadians. A numerous amount were in agreement to action to deport/expel the Acadians, while others were against it. Charles Lawrence, the governor of Nova Scotia, was the first to state that the Acadians were to be expelled. Many men were gathered to help him complete the action (they burnt crops, surrounded church's, etc). Additionally, the Mi'kmaq were also allies to the Acadians. They traded and helped the Acadians. Some even hid with the Mi'kmaq when they were being expelled.


What?


In 1755, the expulsion/deportation of the Acadians began. They were to be shipped to many different places, such as France, the Caribbean, English colonies, etc. Crops and homes were burnt down, churches were surrounded and families were separated in attempt to expel the Acadains. Approximately 10, 000 Acadians were deported during this time.


Where?


The expulsion took place in Acadia (Nova Scotia).


When?


The decision to expel/deport the Acadians was made on July 28, 1755. They were finally allowed to return in 1764, where they lived far from there old homes.


Why?


In 1730, the Acadians were to sign an oath of alienage to the British Crown. Soon, the majority of them had agreed, although insisted that they would not fight the natives or the French. This was how it was for 25 years. In 1755, Charles Lawrence pressed that the Acadians to take another oath of alienage, only this one would include fighting. This was because he only saw the Acadians as military help. As the Acadians refused, Charles Lawrence punished them with expulsion. Adding on, the council were also very supportive of this decision. On September 5th, Charles Lawrence had a message. All men, ages 10 and up were to gather at the church to hear it. It said "That your Land & Tennements, Cattle of all Kinds and Livestock of all Sorts are forfeited to the Crown with all other your effects Savings your money and Household Goods, and you yourselves to be removed from this Province." This meant that the Acadians were to leave the province, but give almost everything they owned to the crown ( e.g animals, land, money, household items, etc.). Soon the Acadians were gone. Later, it was judged inhumane and was no help for the military.


How?


Crops and homes were burnt, soldiers were grabbing citizens, surrounding churches and families were being threatened. This was how the people of Acadia were gathered to be expelled/deported from there home, to a whole new province, or maybe even country. The Acadians travelled on boat to there new homes. Many died on the trip from illness, depression, drowning, starvation, etc.


Fun Facts


-In 2003, the wrongs against the Acadians were recognized

- There is now a university named after the Acadians, called Acadia University

-There is a Deportation Sculpture in Grand Pre, Nova Scotia. It marks the center of the Acadian settlement and commemorates the expulsion/deportation of the Acadians.


-Kiya Palta

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Québec History 10 - The Acadians Deportation