HIV/AIDS

Ashna Kumar

What does HIV and AIDS stand for?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus destroys a type of helper cell in the body, called the CD4 helper lymphocyte. The condition in which people are immune deficient is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

How is this disease transmitted?

AIDS is transmitted through oral, vaginal, and anal sexual intercourse. It can also be transmitted through sharing needles from drugs and tattooing.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

  • rapid weight loss
  • swollen lymph glands
  • chronic diarrhea

Problems Caused By AIDS

  • severe vaginal yeast infection
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • blood lacks CD4 cells
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Ways to Prevent HIV?AIDS

  • abstaining from any kind of sex
  • always use latex condoms
  • avoid contact with bodily fluids through which HIV is transmitted
  • never sharing needles
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Treatments

  • no cure for AIDS
  • combinations of antiviral drugs and drugs that boost immune system make people resist infections, stay healthy, and prolong their lives
  • these antiviral drugs include
  • non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  • protease inhibitors