Reproductive Health-Preventive Care

By: Mariana Sanchez

Mammograms

What diseases do breast exam/mammograms screen for?

Mammograms screening is a x-ray of the breast. It is the easiest way to find out if you have breast cancer early when it is easier to treat and before it is a big enough to feel or cause symptoms. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer.

Who should be getting these exams?

Women. Men can get breast cancer as well, but the risk of breast cancer on men is so low that mammograms are not routinely recommended.

Starting at what age and how often should someone begin each of these exams?

It is now recommended that women between the ages of 50 and 75 have a mammogram every 1 to 2 years to look for evidence of breast cancer.

Pap Smears

What diseases do pap smears screen for?

A screening test for cervical cancer. It involves collecting cells from your cervix, the lower narrow end of your uterus that's at the top of your vagina.

Who should be getting these exams?

Both, men and women can or should get pap smears.

Starting at what age and how often should someone begin these exams?

Pap smears begin at age 21 to screens for forms of cervical cancer.

Testicular Exams

What diseases do testicular exams screen for?

Testicular exams includes a complete physical exam if the groin and genital organs by your doctor. Your doctor will feel the organs and examine them for the presence of lumps, swelling, shrinking, or other visual signs of an abnormality. A testicular examination can detect the causes of pain, inflammation, swelling, congenital abnormalities such as an absent or undescended testicle, and lumps or masses that may indicate testicular cancer.

Who should be getting these exams?

Only men should be getting testicular exams.

Starting at what age and how often should someone begin these exams?

Its most common in teen boys and men under the age of 35. They should start getting tested when they discover lumps or abnormalities on the genital area.

Prostate Exams

What diseases do prostate exams screen for?

Prostate exams screening when doctors use the digital rectal exam as a relatively simple test to check the prostate. Because your prostate lies in front of the rectum, and it's an internal organ, your doctor can feel by inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum.

Who should be getting these exams?

Only men can and should get prostate exams.

Starting at what age and how often should someone begin these exams?

In general, it is recommended that men with an average risk of prostate cancer start being screened with a digital rectal exam and PSA blood levels at age 50.