Raoul Wallenberg

Ally Portillo 7th

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Introduction

Raoul Wallenberg is a hero that thousands of European Jews will forever remember. Just by giving them a small slip of paper that could lead them to a safer place, or Sweden.

He rescued as many as 100,000 Hungarian Jews from extermination by the Nazies. When he was captured, he was not heard from for years. The Soviets stated that Wallenberg died in a Moscow prison of a heart attack in 1947. Others say that Raoul was still alive, but was still held captive in the prison in Russia.

The Early Years

Raoul Wallenberg was born in the summer of August 4, 1912. His father, Raoul Wallenberg, died just three months before he was born, but his mother, Maj Wising Wallenberg, on the other hand had remarried 6 years later to Fredrik von Dardel. The Wallenberg name was very well known in Sweden. Their family was known for being bankers, diplomats, and politicians for many generations. Raouls grandfather, Gustav Wallenberg, helped him in his education and arranged for him to be a banker. Gustav wanted his little grandson to of course follow in his families' footsteps, but Raoul didn’t have an interest in banking. He had a passion for architecture and trade. Later in 1930, he graduated high school and served in the Swedish army for nine months.


Soures


Raoul Wallenberg. A&E Networks, 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Raoul Wallenberg. AICE, Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Raoul leaves Sweden

Once he finished his time in the army, Raoul traveled to the U.S. in 1931 to focus and study architecture more at the University of Michigan. Wallenberg graduated about three years later with honors and won a university medal along with the most impressive academic record. After Raoul graduated from college, he left America and went back home to Sweden, but there were not very jobs for architects there, so his grandfather had him go to Cape Town, South America where he sold building materials. After being there for six months, Gustav sent Raoul to Hafia, Palestine (present day Israel) where he worked at a Dutch Bank office. While he was staying there, Raoul met some Jews who had run away from Hitler. He had heard awful stories about Hitler from the Jews and felt a deep sorrow for them. So in 1939, Raoul headed back to Sweden to continue his business work.



Soures


Raoul Wallenberg. A&E Networks, 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Raoul Wallenberg. AICE, Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

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The Hope

While Raoul was in Sweden doing business, he was asked to be a part of a mission from the World Jewish Congress. It would take place in Budapest in June 1944, where he started an organization for Jews to receive Swedish Passports and 'Swedish Houses' where they would be safe. Raoul accepted the offer and would soon save thousands of lives. Right away Raoul got to work. The passports needed to be simple but real enough to get by Germans and Hungarians. Those countries administrators did have a weakness for symbols, so that was an advantage. He designed them to be blue and yellow with the Swedish Coat of Arms in the middle. These passports were also called Schutz-Passes. Schutz is a German word for protection. The passports succeeded, and he was able to give out around 13,000 to the Jews. Even towards the end of the war, he needed to make a simpler version and it only included his signature, and yet the administrators still bought it. Raoul Wallenberg also used Swedish funds to build hospitals and soup kitchens inside the safe houses in Budapest. He had thirty of them and with that it formed the "international ghetto", or safe houses.


Sources

Raoul Wallenberg- A Man Who Made a Difference., 11 Dec. 2015. Web. 26 Jan. 2016.

"Raoul Wallenberg and the Rescue of Jews in Budapest." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. , 18 Aug. 2015. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

The Disappearance

Raoul Wallenberg and Vilmos Langfelder were on their way to Debrecen on January 17, 1945. Although the reason for this trip is still unknown, there is a theory that they were going to plot ways to better hide the Jews from the Nazis once the Russians left Hungary. Sadly along the trip, they were both captured by the Red Army and taken to Russia in 1945. Both men would never be heard from again. The Russians said that Raoul died of a heart attack in a Moscow prison in 1947, but it was unconfirmed. Years passed and still no one knew if Raoul was alive. Some said that he was alive and some said that he was dead.

Sources

Raoul Wallenberg. A&E Networks, 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Conclusion

Raoul Wallenberg is a hero that will always be remembered when it comes to the Holocaust. Although it was a very tragic and sorrowful time, he was brave through it all. From the beginning, until he was captured, he saved thousands of Jews. He went against the person his family wanted him to be, he was one of the smartest students at the University of Michigan, he was a savior during the Holocaust, but now, he will forever be known as the one who made a difference in the world.
Raoul Wallenberg Documentary Trailer

Fact...

  1. For saving so many Jews from dying during the Holocaust, Raoul Wallenberg is in the Guinness Book of World Records.
  2. Raoul Wallenberg is very well known as the man who made a difference all around the world and he should be. Countries have honored him with awards, monuments, and various things named after him.
  3. In the United States, he was second out of seven honored people in 1981. Raoul was was also named honorary citizen in Canada (1985), and Israel(1986).
  4. Various schools ,in both Europe and America, are named after Raoul Wallenberg and also an inspiration to many students. Those schools teach the students' to take action in their community, be honest, and to have courage.
  5. Raoul Wallenberg had given around 15,000 Schutz-Passes to the Jews in about 6 months. All of this was done so he could save the Jews from Hitler.


Sources

Raoul Wallenberg. A&E Networks, 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2016. <http://www.history.com/topics/wallenberg-raoul>.


Raoul Wallenberg- A Man Who Made a Difference., 11 Dec. 2015. Web. 26 Jan. 2016. <https://sweden.se/society/raoul-wallenberg-a-man-who-made-a-difference/>.


Schutz-Pass. World of Faith Christian School Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2016. <http://www.theholocaustmuseum.info/index.php?page=shop.product_details&flypage=new1_flypage.tpl&product_id=946&category_id=59&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=231>.

Further Information

http://www.passport-collector.com/1944-swedish-protection-pass-schutz-pass/:

The Swedish Passport supposedly made by Raoul Wallenberg When he transferred to Budapest. This was used for the Jews to have a get away pass from Hitler. This website gives a color picture of what the passport, or Schutz-Pass, looked like and is also filled out. It also gives information on when and where it was used.


http://www.raoulwallenberg.org/raoulwallenberg_aheroforourtime.htm.html:

Raoul Wallenberg grew up with a very wealthy family, but he's not interested in banking or politics. Raoul was more interested in architecture. Besides that, Raoul's family has a very interesting background themselves. This website gives more detail about the family he grew up with along with more detailed information about Raoul himself.

citations for pictures and video

Passport Photograph-1944. Digital image. Raoul Wallenberg and the Rescue of the Jews in Budapest. , 18 Aug. 2015. Web. 30 Jan. 2016.


Raoul Wallenberg Documentary Trailer. Brian Mait, 8 Aug. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2016.


Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest. Digital image. Raoul Wallenberg- A Man Who Made a Difference., 11 Dec. 2015. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Raoul Wallenberg in U.S. Digital image. Raoul Wallenberg- A Man Who Made a Difference. , 11 Dec. 2015. Web. 1 Feb. 2016.


Schutz-Pass. Digital image. Raoul Wallenberg's Biography. Swedish Institute, 1995. Web. 2 Feb. 2016.


Young Businessman. Digital image. Raoul Wallenberg- "Righteous Among Nations" Carl Evens and Carmelo Lisciotto, 2008. Web. 2 Feb. 2016.