OLD STONE AGE & NEW STONE AGE

Paleolithic era-Neolithic era by Michaela Otranto

Old Stone age [the paleolithic era] 12,000-7,000 years ago

The old stone age was known as the paleolithic era.

The ways that man lived or survived;


  • hunting animals- people began to hunt in groups. hunted mammoth, wild bear, reindeer.
  • gathering roots and berries and other plant life. Scurberry, morel wild cabbage and gooseberry.
  • making tools out of stone and wood to survive.
  • food processing use flint blades to skin animals & the discovery of fire.
  • making shelters
  • Nomadic: no settled home
  • migration of man

Paleolithic era [Old stone age]

The old stone age was a period of time 12,000 to 7,000 years ago. Man survived through hunting animals, gathering roots, berries and, seeds. One of the main factors of the old stone age was the invention of fire. The fire enabled people to have heat and chase away predators. The first stone tools were made out of wood and bone. They used these tools to survive. With the use of tools, man was able to hunt. They began to hunt in groups. They hunted all types of animals for example, wild boar, reindeer and, mammoth. The Paleolithic men were hunters and, the woman were in charge of gathering. Paleolithic people would live in hoards with at least 2 other families which later usually became their tribe. They were known as nomads, which means they have no settled home. The old stone age was an era of learning to survive.
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New stone age[neolithic era] 6,000-12,000 years ago

The new stone age was known as the neolithic era. People began to settle in one place. Man began to change his diet and eat grains and small animals.

The ways they lived by was;


  • settlement in one place they no longer had to travel for settlement.
  • agriculture: raising crops and animals
  • domestication- means to train something to be useful to people
  • new stone age tools made out of stone, bone and, wood
People no longer needed to travel great distances to gather their own food.

Neolithic era[New stone age]

The new stone age lasted 6,000 to 12,000 years ago. The Neolithic era was an era of development of human technology.Man began to change his diet and eat grains and small animals. Farming began to become popular in the Asia Minor, North Africa & North Mesopotamia; where the land was fertile. Agriculture is the raising of crops and animals. The development of agriculture began overtime and in more than one place. People no longer needed to travel great distances to gather food. They learned to domesticate plants and animals. To domesticate means to train something to be useful to people; domesticating is to select the most desired traits for man. During the neolithic era people began to settle in once place. Man began to change his diet and eat grains and small animals. Man made new stone age tools. They now began to have handles but, they still used stone, bone and wooden tools but they were now added by copper and bronze. Man became much more advanced in the new stone age.
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  1. Neanderthal- extinct species of human in the old stone age
  2. Cro-magon- first early modern humans.