Mr.Torzewski Class March 18

Taiping Uprising

Set the country up in flame from 1850-1864 the leaders of the uprising largely rejected Confucianism,Daoism, and Buddhism the leader was Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864) as he proclaimed himself as the younger brother of Jesus they wanted to abolition of private property a radical redistribution of land and end prostitution and opium smoking

Opium Wars

Th opium wars were very crucial and effected the relationship with Europe and the rest of the trading world for opium was a very good profitable highly addictive drug it wasn't til the 18th century when the rest of the world started selling at and they started smuggling the drug in China while the law clearly made it illegal this caused an problem which led into a war in 1839-1842 an then another war in 1856-1860 which finally led to China being separated from the rest of the world.

Unequal treaties

One of a major unequal treaty was the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842 was largely on British terms and imposed my restrictions on China and had open 5 Ports to European traders and that seriously eroded China's independence by the end of the century

Self-strengthening movement

The self strengthens movement was an overall program for China's modernization but fear of conservative leaders that urban,industrial, or commercial development but its failure became apparent at the end of the century

Boxer Uprising

When the self strengthening failed at the end of the century when an anti-foreign movement known as the Boxer Uprising (1898-1901) happend in northern China and was led by milita organizations

Commissioner Lin

Born 1785 Commissoner Lin Zexu became an officer in the late Chinese Expedition and went from Chusan in 1841 to the Peace of Nankin.

Chinese Revolution of 1911

In 1911 there became an fiver person teams were established to enforce the ban of opium smoking on one another which led to the traders also handing over their opium to the government to stop opium smoking which led to revolution.

The sick man of Europe

In 1750 the Ottoman Emprie was still the political fixture of the world it protected pilgrims on their way to Mecca,Egypt, and North Africa and it also incorporated millions of Christians in the Balkans this is now known as the Sick Man Of Europe


After 1839 more far reaching reformist measures known as Tazimat it was sought to provide economic,social, and legal underpinnings for an strong and newly recentralized state

Young Ottomans

The Young Ottomans they were active during the middle decades of the nineteenth century as they sought out major changes in Ottoman political system they felt they could mobilize the energies of the country.

Sultan abd al-Hamid 2

From (1876-1909) was the short lived sultan abd al-Hamid 2 where he accepted a constitution and an elected parliament but not for long under pressure of war with Russia he sooner suspended the reforms and reverted back to the older style

Young Turks

An division of both military and civilian elites and became Young Turks they abandoned any reference to Islam they advocated a military Finally in 1908 A military coup allowed a Young Turks to exercise their power

Informal empires

In the beginning of the twelfth century both China and Ottoman Emprie recently centers of proud and vibrant civilization and also shift of balance of global power

Tokugawa Japan

For more 250 prior to perry arrival Japan had been governed by a shogun (a military ruler) from the Tokugawa family.

Meiji restoration

In 1868 an political taken over by an young group of samurai from Southern Japan this was decisive Turing point in Japan history known as the Meiji

Russo-Japanese War

In the early in 1900s wars with China and Russia happened and the world was shocked with the rise and defeat of Russia and with that came an revolution to that country from the hands of defeat from China and Russia was defeated in 1905 and China gained land from the war with China