HIV and AIDS in Africa

By: Kinsey Tyson and Morgan Yellott

What are AIDS and HIV?

HIV stands for "Human Immunodeficiency Virus" and, if untreated, can lead to the disease known as AIDS or "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome." HIV attacks the body's immune system, and often results in the individual experiencing fatigue, Anemia (problem with red blood cells), Dizziness/headaches, Insomnia, Skin Rash (ect.)

Africa Statistics (AIDS/HIV)

HIV/AIDS in Africa is one of the most important global public health issues of our time, and perhaps, in the history of mankind. In Africa, AIDS is one of the top causes of death. Africans account for nearly 70% of those who live with HIV and are dying of AIDS, and there are roughly 23.8 million infected people in all of Africa. More than 1 million adults and children die every year as a result of HIV/AIDS in Africa alone. In 2011, 1.7 million people world-wide died from AIDS.

Discovered Treatment

Antiretrovial drug treatments have been discovered to tremendously decrease the number of HIV-related deaths by delaying the progression of the virus and allowing people to live relatively healthy, normal lives.

However, only 5 of the 10 million positive HIV patients were able to receive treatment.


1. What kind of impacts do you think this issue has on all Africa (think ESPN)?

2. What kind of impact do you think this issue has on pregnant women?

3. How could Africa have prevented this epidemic?


1. This major issue impacts Africa socially, economically, and politically. Africans face a major social aspect with this issue because these diseases are transmitted, meaning that there is a lot of communication, and people are having to react with others in order to receive help. African governments have denied HIV and AIDS as an issue in Africa before, so there has been a significant amount of political debate over the controversy. Lastly, for the individuals who have been able to receive help and treatment, they must pay for the drugs that allow them to prevent or stop the diseases.

2. It has been discovered that a pregnant women not treated with proper drugs, has a 20-45% chance that her infant will receive the virus from pregnancy alone. 59% of HIV-positive individuals in Africa are women, the majority of children diagnosed with HIV get the virus form their mothers.

3. African government has denied HIV and AIDS an issue. Because of this, HIV and AIDS have been given time to spread throughout the continent, affecting millions.

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