Constitution/ Legislative Branch

By: Aiyana Foust

Qualifications and jog expectations of Congressmen

Qualifications:

Senate:

  • Must be 30 years old
  • Must have been a US citizen for at least 9 years
  • If elected can not be living in the state that they have been chosen


House of Representatives:

  • Must be at least 25 years old
  • Must have lived in the US for at least 7 years
  • Must be residents of the states that they represent

Job Expectations:

Senate:

  • The Vice President acts as the President of the Senate and only gets to cast a deciding vote when there is a tie.
  • The Presiding officer serves only when the Vice President is absent or has become the President.
  • During an impeachment the Senate acts as a court and the Chief Justice becomes the judge and the Senate acts as a jury.


House of Representatives:

  • They will choose their speaker and other officers and will have the main power of impeachment.

Meeting times of Congress

  • The Congress meets at least once every year.
  • The meeting every year will take place on the first Monday in December unless, the day needs to legally be changed.

Powers granted to them

  • To lay and collect taxes
  • To borrow money
  • To regulate trade
  • To establish a procedure for someone to become a legal US citizen and establish laws on the subject of Bankruptcy.
  • To issue currency and regulate the value of it.
  • Punish those who counterfeit money
  • To establish the Post Offices
  • To pass copyright and patent laws
  • To establish a federal court
  • To protect American ships from piracy
  • To Declare War
  • To support and raise Armies
  • To maintain and provide a Navy
  • To make rules and regulations for the armed forces
  • To call the Militia and have them execute the laws
  • To provide for arming, disciplining and organizing the Militia.`
  • To make sure the laws are being enforced over all land owned by the US.
  • To make all laws that are necessary and proper.

Rules of Congress

  • Each house can determine their own rules.
  • Each house can punish any of its members.
  • To expel a member a 2/3 vote is needed.

How a Bill becomes a Law

  1. A Citizen or Representative might have an idea and then write the idea into a bill.
  2. A Representative introduces the Bill to the House of Representatives.
  3. The Representatives debate about the bill and then vote on whether or not it should pass.
  4. If the bill is passed by the House of Representatives it then goes on to the Senate.
  5. At the Senate the bill is debated and then voted on. If it passes it goes to the President.
  6. The President can now choose to veto or pass the bill. If they pass the bill it becomes a law.