Tin

Time for the tin to take the win!!

Basic information to answer all your many questions about Tin!

Atomic Number: 50

Symbol: Sn

Group: 14

Period: 5

Color: Silvery lustrous gray

Classification: Metallic

So easy to spell even Brittany can spell it:))

Tin has been around for ancient times. The name comes from the Anglo- Saxon word “tin”. The origin of the symbol Sn comes from the Latin word “stannum” meaning “tin”. Tin was known to the ancients and found in the old testament. Early metal workers found it too soft for most purposes but mixed with copper it gives the alloy bronze, of Bronze Age fame. Tin is one of the elements which has an alchemical symbol, shown below (alchemy in an ancient pursuit concerned with, for instance, the transformation of the other metals in to gold).

Tin has some uses you know:)))

Used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion or other chemical action (tin cans are made from tin coated steel).



Alloying agent, important alloys incldue soft solder, type metal, fusible metal, pewter, bronze, bell metal, Babbitt metal, White metal, die casting alloy, and phosphor bronze.



The chloride (SnCl2.H2O) is used as a reducing agent and as a mordant in calico printing.



Tin salts sprayed onto glass are used to produce electrically conductive coatings. These have been used for panel lighting and for frost-free wind-shields.



Window glass is made by floating molten glass on molten tin (float glass) to produce a flat surface (Pilkington process).



A crystalline tin-niobium alloy is superconductive at very low temperatures. Such magnets, made of tin-niobium wire, weigh just a few pounds and produce magnetic fields that are comparable to that of a 100 ton electromagnet.


Trialkyl and triaryl tin compounds are biocides - there is concern over their environmental effects. Tributyltin is the active ingredient in a type of antifouling paint used on ships.


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