ENGAGE Your Students!

The First Step to 5E Lesson Planning

Before doing anything else...

you must "hook" your students by grasping their interest and attention. You do this through the engage stage of 5E lesson planning.

The Engage stage...
  • introduces the main topic
  • excites student interest
  • activates prior knowledge
  • identifies misconceptions and preconceptions

The Teacher's Role

During the engage stage of the lesson, the teacher's job is to create interest and generate curiosity among students. He or she will raise questions to uncover what the students know or think about the subject matter at hand. At this stage of the lesson the teacher should not explain concept, provide definitions or answers, nor should they state conclusions. This is not a time for lecture, it is a time for student's to engage with the topic in a way that means something to THEM!

The Student's Role

During the engage stage of the lesson, the student's job is to ask questions regarding the things that they are curious about. The student's primary role is showing interest in the topic. This will depend highly on how well the teacher has planned this stage of the lesson.

An Example

Here is an example of the ENGAGE stage of a 5E lesson plan about The Solar System!

ENGAGE: Before the lesson, gather household items such as a ping-pong ball, tennis ball, inflated balloon, grapefruit, glass marble, small pebble, etc. You should have around 10 items, with a large range between the smallest to largest. Use any round or spherical item you have on hand (that is safe for students to handle). Put the round objects on a table and have students sort them from largest to smallest. What about heaviest to lightest? Ask questions like: Which object is the heaviest? Is that object also the biggest? How many times bigger is the largest object than the smallest object? How do you know? Note: for a large classroom, put the students in groups of 3-4 and give each group a container with around 10 objects of different sizes.

Source: http://www.hometrainingtools.com/solar-system-size-lesson-plan/a/1812/

Here is a brief description of the FULL 5E Lesson Plan!

The 5E Lesson Plan

5E Lesson Planning Supports Constructivist Theory!

The 5E way of lesson planning is a huge part of the constructivist theory. Formally defined, the constructivist theory is based on experiential learning through real life experience to construct and conditionalize knowledge. (Wikipedia) By engaging the students through questioning, it sparks the student's prior knowledge. This helps connect the student's real life experiences to the new knowledge they are gaining. It basically builds a bridge! The students are able to experiment and apply what they learn so that they end up "owning" their knowledge and turning it into true understanding!