Samuel Clemens

The Life Of Mark Twain

Early Life

Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835. He was the sixth of seven children. In 1839 he and his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri. His father thought Hannibal Would be more prosperous place f or his business. Sam lived in a port village nestled on the banks of the mississippi river.he had memories swimming, fishing, plang pirates, and pulling pranks. Sam's family struggled financially, and when Sam's father died of pneumonia, life got evan tougher. Sam was only twelve, and he took a number of jobs to help his family. He also continued his schooling. He first worked for the Missouri Courier. In 1851 he became a typesetter and editorial assistant for the Western Union, the local paper owned by his older brother, Orion. Sam published his first known sketch, "A Gallant Fireman," in the paper. In 1854, Sam left Hannibal to work at some typesetting jobs in various cities including St. Louis, New York City, and Philadelphia.

Mid life

In 1857, at the age of twenty-two, Sam took a steamboat, and headed to New Orleans. He planed to go to South America. Instead, he met the steamboat pilot, Horace Bixby, who agreed to let Sam train with him for five-hundred dollars for the next two years. Samuel learned how to drive a riverboat on the Mississippi river. He got his piloting license in April 1859 and made a good living, until the Civil war in April 1861 when all of the commercial traffic on the river stopped. Clemens then joined the Marion Rangers, a group of Confederate volunteers that disbanded after only two weeks. In summer of 1861, president Abraham Lincoln appointed Orion Clemens territorial secretary of Nevada. Sam joined his brother, and they headed west by stagecoach.

Late life

In 1864 Clemens moved to San Francisco and worked for various newspapers. His first short story was published in 1865, "Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog", and wildly circulated by the Saturday Press of New York, Mark twain became a nationally known humorist. Clemens had a natural talent for story telling, and making speeches. In 1867, Clemens set sail as a traveling correspondent on a grand tour of Europe and the Mid-east for the San Francisco Alto California. After the journey, Clemens met Olivia Langdonof Elmira. they married 1870, and soon settled in Hartford, Connecticut. Together, they had four children: a son, Langdon, who died as an infant, and three daughters: Susy, Clara, and Jean. In 1872, Mark twain published The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Next, in 1884, Mark Twain published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. On April 21, 1910 at the age of 74, Samuel Clemens died, and was buried in Woodland Cemetery in Elmira, New York, next to his wife.