South Carolina Explorers
Who Explored South Carolina?
Hernando de Soto
In 1540, de Soto and his men traveled from Florida northward to the Appalachin Mountains. they were in search of gold and slaves. Instead they met the Cherokee tribe in South Carolina. The Spanish treated the Cherokee cruelly. But de Soto introduced the Cherokee to tools made of iron. The Cherokee had used tools made of stones and animal bones. The Cherokee traded food for tools with the Spanish explorers. The food saved the explorers, and they continued their journey. They left South Carolina and explored most of the Southeast.
Food was hard to find, so the men explored the mainland of South Carolina. They also knew that it would be smart to trade with the Native Americans. Pardo and his men traveled northwest. Snow in the mountains forced them to stay there. They built a series of wooden forts but had a difficult time. In 1568, Pardo decided to leave the area. He was not successful at making a settlement in South Carolina. The forts were attacked and destroyed by the Native Americans.
Dr. Henry Woodward
What Did The Explorers Find?
Juan Pardo's and Jean Ribault's journeys were similar. Their expeditions were mainly near water. Pardo landed on Parris Island after crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The climate in this area was very mild. Jean Ribault traveled up the coast of Florida. After that, he went to Parris Island. William Hilton's expedition came across the Atlantic Ocean, too. He also explored an island with a very mild climate. Pardo, Ribault, and Hilton traveled mainly in the region of South Carolina called the Coastal Zone.
Dr. Henry Woodward was an explorer who saw lots of land. He first landed on an island after crossing the Atlantic. Woodward then crossed the Coastal Zone and continued inland. There he discovered many forests.