ADDIE Model

Reflection of Instructional Design

Phase 1: Analyze

In my own instructional design practice I would use this phase to begin my unit or lesson plans. In one particular case I created a chart that outlined all the dates and standards. In doing so I was able to plan accordingly and change dates with ease. I also created "I Can" statements for the unit plan.

I also wrote a "Description of Setting" and analyzed the differing learning styles and backgrounds of the learners. I took into account the number of minorities and those students who are below grade level. This helped me in my next phases to target these students in the instruction.

Phase 2: Design

In this phase I explore the different kinds of instructional methods I could apply. I was in a classroom that had Chromebooks easily accessible to all students. Knowing that I planned lessons and activities with a great deal of technology use. I had to cut down on the different kinds of technologies I was using and decided to only employ Nearpod and Google Docs so I would not confuse the students.

In this phase I also created the pre- and post-assessment for my unit plan. Granted they were the same exam, I made sure that I was clearly assessing what I wanted the students to learn by the end of the unit.

Phase 3: Development

I initially wrote 8 lesson plans for my unit plan. In these lesson plans I included learning objectives, technology, formative assessments, and choices of activities. This rough draft of lesson was sent to my then university supervisor and other education professors for careful evaluation. Upon receiving feedback I edited some things and began the process of preparing to implement the unit plan.

Phase 4: Implementation

During this phase I was constantly reviewing, reflecting and revising. My 8 lesson plans turned into 10 lesson plans. I found that some days students did not accomplish much or did not meet the learning objective. I employed other forms of instruction, like Socrative and Nearpod. Each day after the lesson I would sit and reflect on what went right or wrong. Instead of dwelling on missed opportunities, I took advantage to improve upon the previous day's mistakes.

Phase 5: Evaluation

After conducting the post-assessment, and not being satisfied with the results, I decide to give the students a second chance. After that I reflected on the experience as a whole. There were many triumphs, but also many learning opportunities. I found that no project will stay intact and Phase 4 is continuous. Had I been stubborn and not changed anything I do not think the students would've reached the learning outcome of the unit plan.

Takeaway

I realize now that I have been using the ADDIE model in a varied form in my instructional design. It is one that takes time and effort on my part, but it is well worth it. I know that for my future goals in instruction I will continue to employ aspects of this model, if not the model as a whole. I learned a great deal from this model after reflecting. Even now, a few months out from the experience, I am still learning from this model.
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