Period 3 1754 - 1800
Ridhi Chaubey / January 2016
Political Cartoon of the Boston Port Act
Judiciary Act of 1789
- Established a Supreme Court with one chief justice and five associate justices
- Empowered the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionality of decisions made by state courts
- Provided for a system of 13 district courts and three circuit courts of appeals
Olive Branch Petition
- July 1775
- Delegates of the Second Continental Congress were seeking a peaceful settlement
- Pledged loyalty to Britain and asked the King to intercede with Parliament to secure peace and the protection of colonial rights.
Schoolhouse Rock! America - Shot Heard 'Round the World
American ideas about democracy and freedom were expressed in the formation of new state and federal governments. States started writing new constitutions while the federal government ratified the Articles of Confederation. Both state and federal governments practiced separation of powers to make a defense against Tyranny.
Different beliefs over the amount of power the federal government should have led to the rise of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Federalists supported the Constitution and a strong central government, while Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution and wanted a weak central government.