Period 3 1754 - 1800

Ridhi Chaubey / January 2016

Intolerable Acts

  • 1774
  • The Coercive Acts:
    - The Port Act
    - The Massachusetts Government Act
    - The Administration of Justice Act
    - Expansion of the Quartering Act
  • The Quebec Act
  • Retaliation by Britain for the Boston Tea Party
  • Angered the Colonists

Political Cartoon of the Boston Port Act

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Judiciary Act of 1789

  • Established a Supreme Court with one chief justice and five associate justices
  • Empowered the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionality of decisions made by state courts
  • Provided for a system of 13 district courts and three circuit courts of appeals
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The Federalist Papers

  • Written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
  • The 85 highly persuasive essays, presented reasons for supporting the practicality of each major provision of the Constitution.
  • Key element in the Federalist campaign for the Constitution

Olive Branch Petition

  • July 1775
  • Delegates of the Second Continental Congress were seeking a peaceful settlement
  • Pledged loyalty to Britain and asked the King to intercede with Parliament to secure peace and the protection of colonial rights.
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Hamilton's Financial Program

  • Main Goals:
    - Pay off national debt and have federal government assume war debts of the states
    - impose high tariffs on imported goods
    - Create a national bank
  • Supported by northern merchants
  • Opposed by Anti-Federalists
Schoolhouse Rock! America - Shot Heard 'Round the World


American ideas about democracy and freedom were expressed in the formation of new state and federal governments. States started writing new constitutions while the federal government ratified the Articles of Confederation. Both state and federal governments practiced separation of powers to make a defense against Tyranny.


Different beliefs over the amount of power the federal government should have led to the rise of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Federalists supported the Constitution and a strong central government, while Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution and wanted a weak central government.