Schizophrenia

By Jessica Cota

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects the brain. It causes hallucinations/delusions, problems with thinking, and hearing things that regular people don't hear. People that have schizophrenia can't think properly and there brain doesn't work the way it should be working. Some people believe that when people have schizophrenia, they have a split mind because thats what schizophrenia means, but that is wrong, its just some parts of the brain aren't working properly.

What System is Affected by Schizophrenia?

The system affected by this disease is the brain. Linda Bernstein said,”schizophrenia is a brain disease primarily characterized by a ‘thought disorder.’” The brain is the only system in the body being affected by schizophrenia. The forebrain, hindbrain, and limbic sistem are the parts of the brain that are being affected. The forebrain is for cognition; the hindbrain is for managing motor activity, posture, balance and circulation of blood; and the limbic system is for emotions, memories, learning and sexual behavior.

Who Gets This Disease?

Boys usually have their first symptom at 17 or 18, and girls usually have their first symptom when they are in their early 20’s. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia says that schizophrenia “almost always develops before middle age.” Schizophrenia usually runs in the family. Schizophrenia doesn't affect any certain ethnicity or race.
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Signs and Symptoms

  • Apathy

  • Withdrawl

  • Perceptions

  • Strange obsessions

  • Hallucinations

  • Delusions

  • Paranoia

  • Interpersonal relationships

  • Distortions

  • Movements

“Some people with schizophrenia may experience periods of remission, while in others the illness takes on a chronic character,”

said Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia.


Schizophrenia Video

Diagnosis and Treatment

The patients are actually the way the doctor figures out if a patient has schizophrenia. If the person starts hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not usual, the patient goes to the doctor and the doctor usually does some tests to figure out if there is something else causing the symptoms, and goes from there.


There isn’t a full treatment plan for this disease but there is some drugs that can help with the symptoms a little bit. Those drugs are Chlorpromazine, Haloperidol, and Perphenazine. Many researchers are looking at schizophrenic brains and regular brains and trying to find out what drugs they can use to help out the part of the brain that is mostly being affected by schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia can also go to groups or a councilor for help learn about the disease and how it affects a person.

Why Did I Pick This Disease?

I chose this topic because I have heard about this topic and I just wanted to learn more about it and how it affects a person and what the symptoms are. I also have seen a show where the main character has Schizophrenia and it seemed like a good topic to learn about.


Works Cited

"About Schizophrenia." SARDAA. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. <http://www.sardaa.org/resources/about-schizophrenia/>.


Bernstein L. The Puzzle of Schizophrenia. Current Health 2 [serial online]. March 2008;34(7):12. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 14, 2015.


How Schizophrenia Develops: New Evidence and New Ideas. Harvard Mental Health Letter [serial online]. February 2001;17(8):1. Available from: MAS Ultra - School Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 7, 2015.


John, Aubri. "Areas of the Brain Affected by Schizophrenia." LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 21 Mar. 2011. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.


SANDERS L. Genetic links to schizophrenia found. Science News [serial online]. August 23, 2014;186(4):12. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 7, 2015.


Schizophrenia. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia [serial online]. 2014;:1p. 1. Available from: Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 7, 2015.


"Schizophrenia: The Truth."Schizophrenia: The Truth. Web. 21 Jan. 2015. <http://www.slideshare.net/SARDAA/schizophrenia-the-truth-presentation>.


Vitamin linked to schizophrenia. Townsville Bulletin [serial online]. n.d.:Available from: Newspaper Source, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 14, 2015.


WHEELWRIGHT J. Schizophrenia Study Finds New Genetic Links. Discover [serial online]. January 2015;36(1):23. Available from: Middle Search Plus, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 7, 2015.


Wilson C. Immune trigger for schizophrenia. New Scientist [serial online]. February 15, 2014;221(2956):14. Available from: MAS Ultra - School Edition, Ipswich, MA. Accessed January 7, 2015.