Type of circumlocution found in Old Norse & Icelandic poems.
What is it?
How was it used?
Most Old Norse kennings covered a small set of topics, using a small set of traditional metaphors. However, word order was freer in Old Norse than it is in Modern English so Old Nordic poets had more freedom with how to use kennings than poets today.
According to Steinbeck's biographer Jay Parini, "The experiment is well-intentioned, but it remains idiosyncratic to the point of absurdity. Steinbeck invented compound phrases such as "wife-loss" and "friend-right" and "laughter-starving," that simply seem eccentric."
Blood=battle-sweat; chieftain or king=breaker of rings; death=sleep of the sword
Blood=wound-sea; Gold=seed of the Fyris Wolds; Sword=onion of war
Loki=father of the sea thread; poetry=Grímnir's lip-streams; Thor=slayer of giants, basher of trolls