Confucianism

& Taoism

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Confucius

Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.


  1. Born: 551 BC, Lu

  2. Died: March 9, 479 BC, Lu

  3. Full name: Kong Qiu

  4. Buried: Cemetery of Confucius, Jining, China

  5. Children: Kong Li

What would a government founded on Confucian principles look like?

A key Confucian concept is that in order to govern others one must first govern oneself according to the universal order. When actual, the king's personal virtue spreads beneficent influence throughout the kingdom.

How would a Chinese family be influenced by Confucian teachings?

As for Confucianism, it considers harmony as the basis of the family, proposing that harmony can make fortune.


At the same time, harmony is the final goal of good guanxi which lies at the heart of all human relationships and connections and is based on five codes of Ethics: ruler-subject, father-son, husband-wife, older brother-younger brother, and relationships with friends.

Are Taoist principles relevant to the issues of everyday life today?

While 2,700,000 people follow Taoism and is not one of the major religions or practices.


Sayings and concepts are still very relevant and used to this day.

How do the individual principles/maxims of each philosophy connect to each other to form an entire religion/way of thinking?

Principles established by Maxim connect to other religions and thoughts because of his wise statements that have can be found in other religious texts and thoughts.

Confucianism vs Taoism

Confucianism

  • Socially Minded
  • focus on moral ideas
  • Goal to become a truly human person.


Taoism

  • Focus on intuitive spontaneity
  • focus on nature
  • Goal to become an "uncarved" block