Taiga

By: Tejah Robinson

Animals

The animals in this biome are usually predators and many of the animas can be found where deciduous trees grow. The American Black Bear adapts to the climate in this biome because of it has a lot of layers of shaggy fur. The Bobcat adapts to the weather because of it has sharp claws and teeth, the Wolverine has strong jaw bones that can bite through frozen meat and bone. the Gray Wolf has protection from the snow because of its thick fur that keeps out moisture and it has paws that have fleshy pads that help it have more support when walking in the snow. The Canadian Lynx also has protection when trying to travel through the snow because of its fur covered pads that help it hunt.

The Great Horned Owl and Artic Fox stay in competition for Ermines and it's the same for the snakes and Great Horned Owl with the skunks.

Hawks usually prey upon Minks and Wolverines prey upon deer.

Plants

Due to its climate not many plants can survive in this biome, the plants that can survive the climate are mostly trees. Black Spruce trees love poorly drained soil, so the taiga is perfect for them and the Eastern Red Cedar can grow in any type of soil, too. The Jack Pine has pine needles that have wax on them and it helps the needles survive the cold winds. The Siberian Spruce and Evergreen also have needles that have wax on them and the wax keeps the trees from drying out.


Abiotic Factors

The Taiga is located 50 degrees latitude North and the Arctic Circle. There are only two seasons in this biome, summer and winter. Spring and fall are really short, so it's like they don't even exist. The summers are warm, humid, and rainy. The average temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit per year. The total precipitation is up to 30-85 cm and it would come in the form of rain, snow, and dew.

Fun Fact

The Taiga is the largest biome in the world.

Ecological Concerns

The River Otter is endangered in all of the U.S. and it is the same for the Grizzly Bear, except it is not endangered in Alaska. Deforestation, gathering of fossil fuels, global warming, pollution, and forest fires are all threats to this biome. This biome helps the environment because it fills a ton of liters of water every single day and since there are so many trees in the Taiga, they help remove carbon dioxide from the air and turn it into oxygen.

References

N.d. Photograph. Cougarbiology. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://cougarbiology.pbworks.com/w/page/9016268/Taiga%20Group%20G>.

N.d. Photograph. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://animals.desktopnexus.com/wallpaper/1352863/>.

N.d. Photograph. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://borealforest3.wikispaces.com/Taiga>.

N.d. Photograph. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://www.terragalleria.com/parks/np-image.gaar25760.html>.

" Taiga." Blue Planet Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/>.

"The Taiga." Library.thinkquest.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/08aug/00473/taiga.html>.