Nigeria's Population Destiny

By Sarah Davisson

Nigeria will continue to wither in the years ahead because its population is very overcrowded and very young.

What is Nigeria known for?

Nigeria is mainly known for Africa's largest oil producer and is the 12th largest producing oil country in the world. Many people also recognize the City of Lagos (which is a large city in Nigeria) as a commercial powerhouse, not just to Nigeria, but to the whole world. Sadly, Nigeria is also know for having much political corruption and being involved in many terrorist acts.

Nigerian Population and its Issues

Nigeria is about 356,669 square miles and has a total population of 173.6 million people. For a country this size, 173.6 million people is quite a lot. The biggest issue with Nigeria's population is that it is to large and this country is way to overcrowded. Nigeria has the 6th largest population in the entire world. Despite all the natural resources Nigeria has, Nigeria has the largest population of poor people due to the population explosion. The Nigerian city, Lagos, is currently one of the largest cities in the world with an estimated population of about 21 million people. The average fertility rate of a Nigerian women is about 6 children, so the population never stops increasing and many children don't get proper education since there are so many of them.

Not only is the population overcrowded, but the Nigerian population is also very young. The average age in this country is 18 years old. Because of such a young population Nigeria has a high unemployment rate, 60% of Nigerians live in poverty. Also, 43.2% of Nigeria's population is between the ages 0-14 years old.

Major Physical Features, Geographic Features, Climate patterns, and Natural Disasters in Nigeria

Major Physical Features and Geographic Features and there Impact on Population

Nigeria is full of mountain ranges, deserts, plateaus, rivers, and plains. The map to the left shows where all these features are located, but none of these features actually majorly impact Nigeria's population. Although, the equator that is only 23 miles from the southern border of Nigeria causes Nigeria to feel even more overcrowded than it already is. Because the area near the equator is so hot, many people move into northern Nigeria away from the equator. This causes the north of Nigeria to be even more crowded and overpopulated. Also, poor environment around the frontline of Nigeria is very dangerous, so even more people are pushed towards northern Nigeria.
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Major Climates of Nigeria and there Impact on population

Nigeria is experiencing harmful climate conditions that are negatively impacting millions of people in Nigeria. Nigeria's climate contains continuous droughts, flooding, temperature rise, sand storms, and low agricultural yield. Off season climates have been effecting growing seasons and many crops. In southern Nigeria, near the equator, the hot temperatures negatively impact the growth of crops. Even minor climate changes can devastate Nigeria socioeconomically. There are policies to stop the climate change by reducing the amount of fossil fuels but this has great economical impact on the producers of these fossil fuels. Global warming has led to fierce weather and has increased the intensity of storms, floods, and hurricanes. This means that it has caused much poverty for many people in Nigeria. Not only are many Nigerians unemployed, but they also now don't have a home because it got destroyed due to the horrific weather. The government has been creating early warning systems, awareness, education, and satellite imagery in order to prepare people for this harsh climate.
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Natural Distaters and there impact on economy

Because of climate change, Nigeria has been experiencing many more natural disasters, mainly flooding. Natural disasters, such as floods, cost Nigeria a lot of money because money is needed to repair everything the floods have destroyed. Price of food items go up and the oil production is threatened because of all the floods that have taken place in Nigeria. The charts to the right and below show how floods are mainly the only natural disaster that is impacting the economy, and how earthquakes are a small factor that also cost money and create an impact on the economy.

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NIGERIAN GOVERMENT: Nigeria has a federal republic system that operates as a presidential system. The current Nigerian President is Muhammadu Burhari.


The Nigerian government has tried to reduce the population by allowing contraceptives and other birth control mechanisms to be free, but many women still do not have access to them. Also, using contraceptives are frowned upon in many people's religions so this is another reason why many women don't use them. The government has made campaigns that have directly encouraged people to have smaller families, but this failed as well because it was again against many Nigerian cultural values. There was also a government organization created called: "National Population Commission", which helped create policies and goals that the Nigerian government has in order to reduce the population. However, many individuals still believe the government could and should do more to help reduce the Nigeria population.


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