Who's Who in the Texas Revolution

Sam Houston

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Sam Houston 1793-1863

Sam Houston was born in Virginia, but the family later moved to Tennessee. In 1809 he ran away from home and lived with the Cherokee Indians. In 1827 he was elected governor of Tennessee. Around 1829, he came to Texas and proved invaluable as Texas worked to draft a constitution and declare independence from Mexico. Houston took command of the Texas army. He became a hero at San Jacinto where Santa Anna was defeated. Houston became the first President of the Republic of Texas. In 1845, he supported annexation of Texas by the United States, and Texas became the twenty-eighth state. He then served as a U.S. Senator from Texas and was elected Governor of Texas in 1859. He is the only person to serve as governor of two states: Texas and Tennessee. When he voiced his opposition to secession and refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, he was replaced as governor. He retired to Huntsville in 1862 where he died July 26, 1863.