Evolution Jewish Law

By Bradlee Friedman

The Written and Oral Laws of Judaism

The Written Law

The Torah



  • A scroll of parchment containing the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures, used in a synagogue during services.
  • The Torah was said to be written by the finger of G-d.
  • Many other religions were offered to abide by these laws, but they all rejected the opportunity and was handed down or handed over to the Jewish people.


Nevi'im



  • Nevi'im is a subdivision of the Hebrew Testament (Tanakh).
  • In english Nevi'im means Profits.
  • Nevi'im discusses the leadership of the Jewish profits.
  • Nevi'im is the second section of the Tanakh.



Ketuvim



  • Ketuvim is the third and final section of the Tanakh.
  • The english translation of the word Ketuvim is "writings".
  • The Ketuvim are believed to have been written under the Ruach HaKodesh
  • the Ketuvim are devided into a series of jewish writings. One section is purely the Book of Poems. secondly the Five Scrolls, and thirdly the other books






The Oral Law

Mishnah




  • Mishnah is translated into "repetition".
  • It is also understood as "to study and review".
  • The Mishnah was one of the first major work created by Rabbinic Judaism.
  • The Mishnah consists of six orders.
  • The first and foremost is Zeraim (seeds)
  • secondly Moed (festival)
  • thirdly Nashim (women)
  • then Nezikin (damages), Kodashim (holies) and finally Tehorot (purities)



Gemara



  • Gemara is translated into "study"
  • It is also understood as "learning by tradition"
  • The Gemara is the component of the talmud with rabbinic commentary on the Mishnah.




Responsa



  • The meaning of the term "responsa" is "questions and answers"
  • The Responsa is not only a jewish oral law but also the Roman Empire's, the Roman Catholics, and Islam's.
  • On a bit of an irrelevant topic, the modern version of the Responsa would be Yahoo answers or a search engine.




Codes



  • There are many formal codes of Jewish law that have developed over the past two thousand years.
  • The codes are influenced by the responsa for answering questions.
  • The main law from the Talmud