Dates of the Modern Era
In Japan there were many rebellions and famine during this time. The shogunates were losing control because Japan was becoming urbanized. There were many social changes that the shogunates tried to stop but they were ignored. The common people were upset that they couldn't deal with the recent severe famine and they rioted to express their grievances.
The significance of this is that it is the climax of China's internal crisis.
This was the Meiji restoration in Japan. The country's new rulers wanted to restore the power of the emperor, Meiji. They thought he was the last decent of their sun goddess. They wanted to modernize Japan but did not want foreign domination.
The significance of this is that they killed many people and it became clear that China was going to remain dependent under foreign countries.