- What Dietary Guidelines do for Americans? Provide advice to help people live longer and healthier lives.
- What is meant by health risk? Is the likelihood of developing health problems
- Diet: is an eating plan
Getting Enough Nutrients Within you Calories Needs
- 4 factors that determine calorie needs: Age, gender, activity levels, and whether you are trying to gain, maintain, or lose weight
- Nutrient-Dense Food: Is a food that provides high amounts of vitamins and minerals for relatively few calories.
How to Maintain a Healthy Weight
- Risk Factor: Is a condition that increases your chances of developing a problem
- Health problems related to too many body fats: Diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, some types of cancers, and arthritis
- Health risks for being underweight: Health problems, doesn't have enough to reserve energy and need to increase their weight.
- 2 suggestion for losing weight: Health risk and overweight
Suggestion for Being Physically Active Every Day
- 2 ways that active living helps you: To strengthen your heart and lungs and to reduce the risk of future health risk.
- How much physical activity should a teen get? 60 minutes a day
- 2 guidelines for including physical activity into your daily schedule: Get involved in a team or individual sport. Or walk briskly or ride a bike rather than ride a bus or a car.
Importance of Whole Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, and Milk
- 3 reason these foods are healthy: They are nutrient rich, cholesterol free, and naturally low in fats and calories.
- 2 health benefits of these foods: Less chances of getting heart disease, cancer, and other health problems
- 3 ways to include these foods in your diet: Make whole-grain products with meals and as snacks, eat fruit instead of sugary desserts, and drink fruit or vegetable juice with your meals or as a snack
How to Limit Fats and Cholesterol
- 2 types of unhealthy fats that raise cholesterol: Saturated fats and trans fats
- Disease that can develop from a high fat diet: Heart disease
- Guidelines to achieve moderate total fat intake: Lower saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol
Be Choosy About Carbohydrates
- Food with natural sugars: Nutrient-rich food and milk
- Food with added sugars: Candy and soft drinks
- Why should you limit your sugar intake? Because they are high in calories and low in vitamins, minerals, complex carbohydrates, and proteins.
Sodium and Potassium
- Why reduce sodium and increase potassium? Because a lot of sodium can cause health problems
- How does sodium benefit the body: It helps control body fluids
- Diseases linked to excess sodium: High blood pressure, heart attacks, and strokes
- What is the function of potassium? Helps counteract sodium's effects on blood pressure
- 3 reasons teens should avoid alcohol: Drinking alcohol can affect, or influence your judgement and can lead to accident and injuries
- Why is food safety an important part of the Dietary Guidelines? Safe food is healthful and food that is free from harmful bacteria and other contaminants.