Lyme Disease

By: Sierra Dembski

What causes Lyme Disease?

Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi, this is transmitted to people by the bite of infected black-legged ticks.

What happens to the body because of Lyme Disease?

You first start out with some symptoms; this includes: fever, headache, fatigue (extremely tired), joint aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If this disease is left untreated, the infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. You have a chance of getting Bell's (facial) palsy; the loss of muscle tone on one or both sides of the face. You can also get Arthritis, which is a pain and swelling in the large joints (knees etc.) can occur. If you have Lyme Disease during pregnancy the baby has a possible out come of being stillborn.

Is it infectious or non-infectious?

Lyme Disease is non-infectious, their is no evidence of Lyme Disease spreading from person to person. It's not contagious because, their is no evidence of Lyme Disease can be transmitted through air, food, water, or from the bites of mosquitoes, flies, or lice.

How is Lyme Disease treated?

If infected people are treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of the disease they usually recover rapidly and completely. Some of the antibiotics are doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil. People with some neurological or cardiac forms of illness may require injecting treatment with drugs such as ceftriaxone or penicillin.

Prevented?

I read that they had a vaccine for Lyme disease but discontinued this vaccination because of the low consumer demand. Another way to prevent Lyme Disease is to avoid direct contact with ticks; avoid wooded and bushy areas with high grass and leaf litter, and to walk in the center of trails. Another way is to repel the ticks with DEET or Permethrin, your can also find and remove the ticks from your body; bathe or shower as soon as possible after coming indoors to wash off ticks more easily that are crawling upon you, tumble clothes in a dryer on high heat for an hour to kill remaining ticks off clothing.

Who else has this disease?

Avril Lavigne (singer) was found to have Lyme Disease.

How did she show awareness to Lyme Disease?

Avril had an interview with "Good Morning America" and she was telling them about what was happening with her and now some doctors were saying that "It doesn't exist" or "You're crazy". The interviewer also said that some people don't really know about Lyme Disease, and that she is letting people know about it.

https://gma.yahoo.com/avril-lavigne-doing-well-amidst-lyme-disease-fight-125217388--abc-news-music.html

What dilemma has Lyme Disease caused?

If left untreated Lyme Disease can cause Bell's (facial) palsy, arthritis. The infection could spread to your heart and nervous system causing difficulty later on.

What current research is going on about Lyme Disease?

It has been the same treatment, because their haven't been many cases of Lyme Disease to have research going on.

Prognosis?

After treatment about 10-20% of patients with Lyme Disease, can have a condition called Post-treatment Lyme Disease syndrome (PTLDS). This is caused by an autoimmune response, in which a person's immune system continues to respond, doing damage to the body's tissues, even after the infection has been cleared. Then up to 5% of untreated patients may develop chronic neurological complaints months to years after infection. This includes shooting pains, numbness, or tingling in the hands or feet, and problems with short-term memory.

Solutions?

I think that they should recreate the Lyme Disease Vaccine again. Because now more people are starting to get, and since Avril Lavigne had gotten Lyme Disease, they have been showing more awareness to this disease. All people would have to do is go to their nearest doctor and get the vaccine, which will make the person immune, if they were to get bit by an infected black-legged tick.