What is democracy?

Find out what is the House of Lords and The Monarch

What is democracy?

A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.

3 branches of Government

There are 3 branches of government, these are:

Legislative: They make new laws and change old ones.

Executive: They suggest new laws and ensure existing laws are implemented. This power is given to government departments and the civil service.

Judicial: They interpret the laws and make unbiased judgements on whether laws have been broken. This power is given to the court system.


How to become a member of the House of Lords

There are 3 main ways you can become a member in the House of Lords, these are:
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House of Lords

The House of Lords is the second chamber of the UK Parliament. It works with the House of Commons to:

  • Make laws.
  • Check and challenge the actions of the government.
  • Provide a forum of independent expertise.

The House of Lords Chamber spends about 60% of its time on legislation; the other 40% is spent on scrutiny which is questioning Government and debating issues and policy. Committee work takes place outside the Chamber.


How to become a member of the House of Lords

The House of Lords Appointments Commission was set up in May 2000 and this independent, public body recommends individuals for appointment as non-party-political life peers and vets nominations for life peers to ensure the highest standards of propriety. There are several ways to become a member:

Resignation Honours

Resigning Prime Ministers can recommend peerages for fellow politicians, political advisors or others who have supported them.

Dissolution Honours

Takes place at the end of a Parliament, when peerages can be given to MPs - from all parties - who are leaving the House of Commons.


The Monarchy

The queen is the UK monarch and has a variety of responsibilities in the parliament, some of these include:

  • Gives the final approval to all laws.
  • Officially appoints the Prime Minister after a General Election.
  • Creates new meetings and debates in parliament.


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