Unit 4 Vocab

By: Zimmeri Harrison

Red Scare

The Red Scare was the fear of communist subversion in the US led to people began to link radical and dangerous ideas with immigrants. Americans began to ask for limitations on immigrants.

Palmer Raids

Due to a fear of a communist uprising the U.S government began making mass arrests based off little evidence in the fall of 1919

Nativism

Nativism is a preference for native born people and the desire to limit immigration.

Euginenics

Nativists used the idea of eugenics, false science of the improvement of heredity traits, to give support to their arguments against immigration

Ku Klux Klan

the Ku Klux Klan led the movement to restrict immigration. this new Klan not only targeted the freed African Americans but also Catholics, Jews, immigrants, and other groups.

Fundamentalist

Fundamentalism was a movement based on literal interpretation of bible. Fundamentalists skeptical of some scientific discoveries & theories.

Prohibition

Prohibition was the act of prohibiting the manufacturing, storage in barrels, bottles, transportation, and sale of alcohol.

Speakeasy

A speakeasy is an establishment that illegally sells alcohol in secret. Speakeasy are for the rich.

Flappers

Flappers where considered as rebels that had their hair short, wore short dresses, wore makeup, single, smoked, and partied.

Surrealism

Surrealism was the 20th century movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind.

Cubism

Pioneered by Pablo Picasso. Objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted form

Art Deco

Art Deco was an innovative design style popular in the 1920's and 1930's. It's sleek, streamed forms conveyed elegance and sophistication

Les Fauves

Les Fauves was focused more on the colors used in the painting, rather than making sure the painting "looked like" the subject

Model T

Henry Ford began mass production of the "Model T" automobile, the first car priced so the average man could afford one.

Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of WW1 and the 1930's

Back to Africa Movement

The Back to Africa Movement was also known as the colonization movement or black Zionism

NAACP

The NAACP is also known as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and was also known as the African American civil-rights organization

Jazz

Jazz was the type of music that African Americans mostly played when they went to parties. Jazz music was also played in speakeasy's from time to time

Installment Plans

Installment Plans is when you pay in installments instead of all at once

18th Amendment

The 18th Amendment banned the manufacturing and disposal of alcohol.

19th Amendment

The 19th Amendment was the amendment that allowed the right of women suffrage. With granting this women around the U.S where voting and numbers of U.S voters increased.

21st Amendment

The 21st Amendment had appealed the 18 Amendment to allow people to drink and consume alcohol

National Origins Act

The National Origins Act was the law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants

Volstead Act

The Volstead Act was enacted to carry out the intent of the eighteenth amendment which established prohibition on the United States

Sacco & Vanzetti

Sacco & Vanzetti where Italian born anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during an armed robbery. For this they were kiled

Scopes Trial

The Scopes Trial was a trial that was a conflict between science and religion. This matter took place on whether the teaching of evolution could be taught in schools.

Al Capone

Al Capone was a huge gang leader who had underground gang battles for control of the booze racket.

Warren Harding

Warren G. Harding was a man who was the 29th president of the united states, but was counted as the worse president because he was being corrupted by his friends and co-workers.

Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge was the president who was elected after Warren Harding was declared dead after a heart attack. Calvin Coolidge's idea was to fix the name of the president and white house after Harding had messed it up. With this he planed to get rid of the corruption in the government.

Marcus Garvey

Marcus was from Jamaica who believed in job training, and established the Universal Negro Improvement Association.

Zora Neale Hurston

Wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God. The main characters in her novels were African American women-One of the first to do this.

Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was born in Missouri; leading writer of African American experience in America. He also wrote about African American achievements.

Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong was the one who has introduced Jazz to the city Harlem.

Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington was a Jazz Artist but unlike the others he had a ragtime sound of voice which made him different and popular in his time.