Scott Vs. Sanford
by: Katana Lowman
Dates of the trials
The trial cases lasted from February 11th through December 18th in 1856.
Background Knowledge for the case
Dred Scott was a slave who was born in the state of Missouri. He moved to Illinois because it was a "free state". After the Missouri Compromise was declared in 1820, he moved back to Missouri to live what he thought would be a slave- free life. According to the compromise, slavery was not forbidden in Missouri.
Dred Scott claimed that since he once lived in a free state, that he should be considered a free man. However, since he was born a slave in a slave state, and since he currently was living in a slave state, he was still considered a slave.
Scott tried to sue his master but he couldn't due to him being born a slave, and still living in a slave state. Scott was not considered a U.S. citizen, and he didn't have a true "free life". Due to this case, slavery issues between the North and the South got even more conflicted.